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  • Armbrecht, John (författare)
  • Use value of cultural experiences: A comparison of contingent valuation and travel cost
  • 2014
  • Ingår i: Tourism Management. - 0261-5177. ; 42, s. 141-148
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Few applications to assess the value of cultural experiences exist. This is particularly frustrating for cultural institutions, as it provides them with few opportunities to reveal their importance in terms of attractiveness and thus what drives tourism demand. This study applies the travel cost method (TCM) and contingent valuation method (CVM) to assess the value of two rural cultural institutions in order to compare the results of the valuation methods. The results reveal that visitor experiences consist of a core cultural experience as well as other valuable experiences before and after. Whereas CVM allows for a valuation of the core cultural experience separately from other experiences, the TCM is limited to an overall assessment. The TCM is therefore an inappropriate measure of the value of the cultural experiences when the total experience includes several other experiences. If visitors travel for the sake of only one cultural experience, TCM may be preferable due to its simple applicability and cost efficiency. If, however, as is most often the case, a cultural experience is part of a bundle of experiences, the application of CVM is recommendable. This is also the case, if only visitors who state the cultural experience to be the primary reason for travelling are included.
  • Bjuggren, Carl Magnus (författare)
  • Family Matters
  • 2013
  • Doktorsavhandling (övrigt vetenskapligt)abstract
    • Denna avhandling behandlar företagsdynamik, familjeägande och anställningsskydd. I avhandlingen analyseras anställningsskyddet och hur det påverkar företagens produktivitet, samt hur familjeägda företag reagerar på chocker inom industrin. I avhandlingen analyseras också hur familjeägande påverkar sannolikheten för ett företag att uppnå en hög tillväxttakt. Genom att kombinera olika statistikkällor kan samtliga familjeföretag i den den svenska företagspopulationen identifieras. Avhandlingen belyser också några av de problem som finns i den officiella statistiken över egenföretagare. 
  • Nakamura, Richard, et al. (författare)
  • FDI in the post-EU accession Baltic Sea Region : A global or a regional concern?
  • 2012
  • Ingår i: Baltic Journal of Economics. - Riga : BICEPS. - 1406-099X. ; 12:2, s. 89-108
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • This paper investigates the dynamics of FDIs in the Baltic Sea Region (BSR) by applying the Poisson Pseudo-Maximum Likelihood estimation method on a gravity model. In particular, we analyze the influence of macro and spatial factors on investment stock changes and discuss whether the origin of these investments and the 2004 EU enlargement have had any effects on BSR FDIs.Our results suggest that EU enlargement has been significant for FDI activity in the region, and that FDI is basically a regional issue as it tends to be bilateral within the region. However, the same results also suggest that geographic distance is not a significant factor. We conclude that while being traditional in nature, the BSR FDI pattern is undergoing changes towards a lesser degree of geographic bias.
  • Funke, Michael, 1966- (författare)
  • Från tidningsannonser till sponsrade länkar : den svenska reklamens utveckling
  • 2013
  • Ingår i: Entreprenörskap och varumärken. - Möklinta : Gidlunds förlag. ; s. 87-106
  • Bokkapitel (övrigt vetenskapligt)abstract
    • Artikeln åskådliggör den moderna svenska reklamens historiska utveckling och förklarar den utifrån interaktionen mellan marknads- och innovationsutveckling, nya reklamkoncept och påverkan från samhällsdebatt och regleringar.
  • Local Development and Creative Industries
  • 2011
  • Samlingsverk (redaktörskap) (övrigt vetenskapligt)abstract
    • The world is becoming increasingly more globalised. That is a big and subtle force often demanding national and local harmonisation. Traditional industrial sectors moves from the western hemisphere to other parts of the world. The need for future oriented, explorative and innovative ideas and studies is immanent. In Sweden and other modern societies there is often a strong belief in reform, that it is possible to change societal structures, processes and ideologies from above by introducing new ideas and financing R & D. This book presents a wide range of approaches to the study of local development and creative industries. Seven authors’ presents a volume organised in three parts. Part I offers empirical studies on a growing experience economy, and also heritage, design and Factor 10 as a resource for development. Part II offers a methodological study on narrative as a force for company development. This part also offers reflections on interactive knowledge and however development is a prerequisite for innovation. Part III covers current conceptual and theoretical reflections on localisation, regionalisation and globalisation, neo-institutionalism and symbolic aspects of policy. Innovation, Triple Helix and the creative industries are often presented as a panacea for local development from above. Rarely has it been shown to be a wave of success. Simple answers to complex problems often houses logical error, which means that everyday development projects often results in errors. This volume aims to illustrate an empirical, methodological and theoretical agenda for local development from the bottom and partially implement a new and interactive role of researchers.
  • Brink, Johan, 1976- (författare)
  • Accumulation, Boundaries, Capabilities and Dynamics - Explaining Firm Growth
  • 2007
  • Doktorsavhandling (övrigt vetenskapligt)abstract
    • The aim of this thesis is to further develop the theoretical understanding of the growth of knowledge intensive business organizations. The overall aim is to understand the growth challenges of emerging firms in the knowledge-based economy. In particular this thesis addresses several aspects of the growth of small bioscience based firms. In a world characterized by global markets and rapid information transfer, the existence of firms can no longer be justified by established products and defence of old positions. The traditional logic of economic activities and industrial organization has instead increasingly been replaced by dynamic Schumpeterian competition in which firms compete based upon knowledge and innovations. This thesis depart in the emergent theories of evolutionary economics which focus on economic action and firm behaviour in a restless disequilibrium and endogenous technological change (Nelson and Winter 1982). Within such a restless capitalistic society, new firms play a central role in economic development. As a consequence, economic as well as management researchers has increased their interest in entrepreneurship and industrial dynamics. The emergence and growth new firms have been found to relate to both the introduction and diffusion of new knowledge, innovations, as well as generators of new employment. The growth of new firms is hence vital to understand from the perspective of industrial dynamic throughout the process of Schumpeterian competition and technological evolution and in the longer perspective, economic growth. The thesis is structured around the general, puzzling phenomenon of the relative absence of growing firms within this specific technological and industrial context. In order to investigate the research problem a theoretical framework is put together along two main dimensions. The first consists of a review of the research field of firm growth including such as entrepreneurial and organizational aspects. The second dimension provides a theoretical outline regarding the specific industrial and institutional environment and thus presents a context in which these new firms evolve. The focus within this thesis is primarily on the growth of the individual business organizations. The initial research problem centres around the empirically evident relative low growth rates of bioscience based firms. As a consequence of this low growth rate of firms, the industrial dynamics is instead shaped by entries of new actors, creating a highly turbulent industry. According to the dominant theories of the firm, the reasons for performing activities within the institutional form of a business organization, resulting in economic advantages of being inside the boundaries. Such knowledge and innovation based competition should be seen in the context of the firm’s unique trajectory and as a process of accumulation of associated specific capabilities and distinctive competences. Innovation is thus a process of knowledge accumulation of both internal and external learning, influenced by the specific context in which the firm resides. The lack of growth of new knowledge intensive firms within this specific industry is thus found in the complexities of knowledge accumulation as generating firm capabilities for further actions. The pressure on innovativeness and the ability for firms both to foster and take advantages of knowledge raises several issues regarding growth of knowledge intensive business organizations. Altogether understanding firm growth within this context might potentially be seen as role models for increasingly knowledge intensive firms within other industries. Even with more modest implications such findings might have profound effect when limited to the studied industrial context.
  • Brink, Johan, 1976-, et al. (författare)
  • Why do firms change? Sequences of opportunity and changes in business models and capabilities in bioscience firms
  • 2007
  • Ingår i: RIDE working paper series. ; :84426-015
  • Konferensbidrag (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Our paper sets out to explain how firms change and acts upon additional opportunities by analysing the development of three young bioscience firms by focusing on the relationship between experimentation of their business models and the capabilities that these firms gradually develop over time. We show that only by combining the initial technological capability with a more generic business capability, these firms were able to fully develop and pursue the initially perceived opportunity. Our analysis of these bioscience firms also reveal that the linkages between the initial technological capabilities that these companies develop are only indirectly related to subsequent opportunities acted upon. As the initial opportunity increasingly becomes economically or technologically irrelevant, the more recently acquired generic capabilities provided the firms with the ability to act upon new technological opportunities. That is, the initial technological capability of the firm is frequently not directly linked to the second pursued opportunity. We infer that as these initial capabilities generally are very technologically based they are also rather specific. Instead the link is by the necessary creation of the additional, and indeed more generic, capability within the firm. As these firms develop they are hence continuously leveraging only parts of their accumulated capabilities, meaning that they are both path-dependent and path-breaking in their development. The paper argues that a firm-based analysis of the development of capabilities and business models is warranted as a complement to the numerous sector-level studies of the biosciences. The internalist perspective of the co-evolution of capabilities and business models developed here cannot be substituted by industry or environmental explanations.
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