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  • Armbrecht, John (författare)
  • Evenemang och Samhällsekonomiskt Värde
  • 2014
  • Ingår i: Från Bob Dylan till Way Out West, RED Armbrecht, Lundberg & Mossberg. - Kållered : BAS. - 978-91-7246-324-0
  • Bokkapitel (övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • Armbrecht, John (författare)
  • Use value of cultural experiences: A comparison of contingent valuation and travel cost
  • 2014
  • Ingår i: Tourism Management. - 0261-5177. ; 42, s. 141-148
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Few applications to assess the value of cultural experiences exist. This is particularly frustrating for cultural institutions, as it provides them with few opportunities to reveal their importance in terms of attractiveness and thus what drives tourism demand. This study applies the travel cost method (TCM) and contingent valuation method (CVM) to assess the value of two rural cultural institutions in order to compare the results of the valuation methods. The results reveal that visitor experiences consist of a core cultural experience as well as other valuable experiences before and after. Whereas CVM allows for a valuation of the core cultural experience separately from other experiences, the TCM is limited to an overall assessment. The TCM is therefore an inappropriate measure of the value of the cultural experiences when the total experience includes several other experiences. If visitors travel for the sake of only one cultural experience, TCM may be preferable due to its simple applicability and cost efficiency. If, however, as is most often the case, a cultural experience is part of a bundle of experiences, the application of CVM is recommendable. This is also the case, if only visitors who state the cultural experience to be the primary reason for travelling are included.
  • Cullinane, Kevin (författare)
  • Targeting the Environmental Sustainability of European Shipping: The Need for Innovation in Policy and Technology
  • 2014
  • Rapport (övrigt vetenskapligt)abstract
    • At their Summit meeting in Gothenburg in June 2001, Europe’s heads of state and government reached agreement on a European strategy for sustainable development. The social and economic dimensions of the Lisbon strategy were complemented by an environmental dimension. Thus, the Gothenburg Summit represents a breakthrough for sustainable development in the European Union (EU). The University of Gothenburg and Chalmers University of Technology made a commitment to serve, through the joint Centre for Environment and Sustainability (GMV), as a hub for research and scientific follow up of the EU sustainable development strategy. In order to fulfill this commitment, the two universities have established a European Panel for Sustainable Development (EPSD), together with Lund University. In addition, individual members from other universities and research institutes contribute to the work of the Panel. The Centre for Environment and Sustainability (GMV) in Gothenburg is the lead organization in the EPSD. The first report produced by the Panel in 2004 was “From Here to Sustainability – Is the Lisbon/Gothenburg Agenda Delivering?” This was put forward as an independent contribution from academics to the mid-term review of the Lisbon strategy for growth, competitiveness and jobs. The second report “Make the Kok-report sustainable” was produced by the EPSD as a reflection on, and a response to, the mid-term review on the Lisbon strategy chaired by the former Prime Minister of the Netherlands, Wim Kok. The third report “Towards a Smart Growth Strategy for Sustainable Development” aimed to contribute to the re-launch of the EU sustainable development strategy. It contained a critical assessment of “A Platform for Action”, the proposal for an updated strategy put forward by the European Commission. The fourth report “TAKING CHILDREN SERIOUSLY – How the EU can Invest in Early Childhood Education for a Sustainable Future” presented research on children’s interest and ability to understand questions on the social, economic and environmental dimensions of sustainable development. The present report “Targeting the Environmental Sustainability of European Shipping: The Need for Innovation in Policy and Technology” has emerged from a background survey with the aim of mapping what is being done on sustainable shipping within the European Union. A wide scope of strategic EU policy sectors and documents, including existing directives, legislation and regulations on shipping were scrutinized to describe the actual knowledge framework. The background study defines areas where new research could contribute in closing knowledge gaps, and gives a compilation of directives and policy documents concerning sustainable shipping in a European perspective. Based on a definition of sustainable shipping that include all three pillars of sustainable development, the present report presents a holistic view and strategies for achieving a sustainable shipping industry. The report provides scientifically based knowledge of various aspects that affect sustainability at sea, such as particles, greenhouse gases, ship wrecks, ship recycling, and intermodality, as well as a comprehensive overview and updates on regulations. These various areas are presented as separate chapters and solid recommendations are presented on future actions (on EU and international level) to make the shipping industry in Europe a sustainable business. The main author of the report was Prof. Kevin Cullinane, Edinburgh Napier University, UK. The separate chapters in the report were written by Lars Barregård, University of Gothenburg, Erik Fridell, Hulda Winnes, IVL Swedish Environmental Research Institute (Particle emission from ships); Hannes Johnson 1 , Chalmers University of Technology (GHG Emissions and the Energy Efficiency Gap in Shipping); Peter Domini, Stena Metall (Ship Recycling: A Global Issue); Lars Barregård, University of Gothenburg (The Health Risks Associated with the Ship Breaking Industry); Ida-Maja Hassellöv, Chalmers University of Technology (Potentially Polluting Shipwrecks); Abhinayan Basu Bal, University of Gothenburg (Sustainable Intermodal Transport with Short Sea Shipping in the EU); A number of researchers and knowledgeable persons have constituted a reference group and further contributed to the report: Katarina Gårdfeldt, Maria Svane, Dan Strömberg, and Jonas Norrman, GMV, Gothenburg; Karin Andersson, Björn Södahl, Josefin Borg, and Oliver Lindqvist, Chalmers University of Technology; Lars Göran Malmberg, Johan Boman, Johan Woxenius, and Mattias Hallquist, University of Gothenburg, Christer Forsgren, Stena Metall; Anders Carlberg, Vgregion; Carl Carlsson, Swedish Shipowners Association, and Axel Wenblad, Former GD National Board of Fisheries. Dan Strömberg, and Maria Svane, University of Gothenburg, have been invaluable during the course of the project and as editors of the publication. The report has been endorsed by the EPSD. Bo Samuelsson Chairman of EPSD
  • Knez, Matjaz, et al. (författare)
  • The estimation of a driving cycle for Celje and a comparison to other European cities
  • 2014
  • Ingår i: Sustainable Cities and Society. - 2210-6707. ; 11, s. 56-60
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Due to rapidly increasing numbers of vehicles, growing traffic congestion and the very limited use of emission control strategies, motor vehicles are emerging as the largest source of urban air pollution globally. The effectiveness of any control strategy depends on accurate emission models. This study is an attempt to estimate vehicular driving patterns in the Slovenian city of Celje. Using the TangoGPS program for measuring important driving parameters while a vehicle is in motion in traffic, the urban driving cycle of this small city is estimated and then compared with the driving cycles of other cities in Europe. As predicted and demonstrated in the present paper the average speed of vehicles in smaller cities is higher than in larger ones.
  • Nikopoulou, Zoi, et al. (författare)
  • The role of a cap-and-trade market in reducing NOx and SOx emissions: Prospects and benefits for ships within the Northern European ECA
  • 2013
  • Ingår i: Proceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers, Part M: Journal of Engineering for the Maritime Environment. - 1475-0902. ; 227:2, May 2013, s. 136-154
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • This article presents a financial evaluation of alternative approaches to the abatement of NOx and SOx emissions from ships operating within the emission control area (ECA) of Northern Europe. The objective of this article is to assess the financial viability of a range of alternative technologies and fuel types, by accounting for revenue that might be generated from emissions trading within a cap-and-trade market for NOx and SOx emissions. Using a sample of real ships that operate within the ECA, NOx and SOx emissions for each alternative are estimated, and the revenue generated within a cap-and-trade system is calculated under a given set of assumptions. The results suggest that distillates are not an economic solution to meeting regulatory requirements. Conservative estimates of revenue generated within any prospective cap-and-trade system suggest that seawater scrubbers and Humid Air Motor (HAM) and Selective Catalytic Reduction (SCR) systems would all constitute financially attractive abatement options, while the use of liquefied natural gas (LNG) is the most financially attractive alternative. A cap-and-trade system is found to be highly efficacious in providing a relatively inexpensive source of finance for investments in improved environmental performance, as well as incentivizing such improvements, thereby removing any requirement for public sector support.
  • Suarez-Aleman, Ancor, et al. (författare)
  • Time at ports in short sea shipping: When timing is crucial
  • 2014
  • Ingår i: Maritime Economics & Logistics. - 1479-2931. ; 16:4, s. 399-417
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • From the perspective of Short Sea Shipping (SSS), as an intermodal competitor in the freight market, the time spent within the whole transport corridor is a major issue, in contrast to deep sea shipping where differences in time may not be as relevant as, for example, the contract of carriage or a ship’s position, among other aspects. Although there exist numerous studies that have estimated port or terminal efficiency, most have focused on quantities as outputs and factors such as labour force or capital as inputs, mainly through the use of techniques such as data envelopment analysis or stochastic frontier analysis. The structure of the time ships spend in ports has generally not been considered. After reviewing the port efficiency literature and by taking into consideration the structure of the time ships spend in SSS ports or terminals, this article develops a theoretical analysis of this concept and proposes the direct utilization of the time in ports as a suitable measure for port efficiency analysis. From an empirical example, we show how the inclusion of time in efficiency analysis can modify the results derived from a more traditional approach based just on quantities.
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