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  • Ahmad Termida, Nursitihazlin, 1981-, et al. (författare)
  • Attrition and Fatigue in a Four Waves of Two-Week Travel Diary : A Case Study in Stockholm, Sweden
  • ????
  • Annan publikation (övrigt vetenskapligt)abstract
    • This paper describes a four-wave panel survey design and implementation collected on individual level, consisting of three survey’s instrument namely, self-reported two-week travel diary, on-line psychological questionnaire, and self-reported mental map-related questions. The panel survey is built with the aim to examine individuals’ behavioural changes when a new tram extension line in western sub-urban areas of Stockholm, Sweden, was introduced in October 2013. The survey duration took approximately seven months’ period and the data collected covers all four different seasons of the year, which make it wealth of information. The analysis of attrition and fatigue was done on the two-week travel diary survey instrument only. It is found that the overall attrition rate is 34.3% of the total participants (102 individuals) in the Wave 1 survey, which is considered large. The attrition rate between consecutive waves, however, is considered low which is within the range of 7% to 10%. Based on the binary logit models, there are no systematic tendencies of the dropouts’ characteristics from wave to wave to be found, indicating attrition is purely random. There is no correlation between immobile days and missing trips per day are to be found between-waves. The results of the binary logit model on missing trip show that personal attributes, temporal factors (e.g. weekdays and waves) and travel characteristics (e.g. home-based trip, trip purpose, travel distance and number of inter-modal transfers) significantly affect the missing trip but no indication of fatigue appears.
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  • Novotny, Michael, et al. (författare)
  • Publication to Patent Analysis for Detecting Science & Technology Frontiers : The Case of Biofuels, Biochemicals and Biomaterials or Academic Lock-In is Not Necessarily Affecting Business Behavior
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  • Annan publikation (övrigt vetenskapligt)abstract
    • In this paper we apply large-scale review methodologies and introduce the PPA model - Publication to Patent Analysis ‑ in order to map recent developments in science and technology frontiers of biorefinery activities. Using a bibliometrical approach in the PPA model, we aim to detect and analyze scientific and technological trends in a potentially huge sector. This study takes on the challenge of closing the gap between two strands of analysis - publication analysis and a parallel patent analysis. Bibliometrics is used in order to provide the basis for identification of Science & Technology frontiers, i.e. clusters. Moreover, the data analysis can be used for probabilistic topic modelling of clusters created from publication and patent data. In the studies of knowledge transfer between science and technology this kind of approach has previously been applied only at the micro level. We provide a novel approach proposed for analyses of broader technology sectors which may support policymakers, R&D funding agencies as well as industrial management in the production of scientific and technological intelligence. In our case study results indicate that old forest industry nations in Europe (Austria, Germany, and Sweden) seem at best reactive and pragmatic leaning on their industrial specialization. In general, the EU countries are lagging behind when it comes to new and fast-growing science fields based on non-woody biomass materials and product fields and instead concentrated to more mature or slow-growing wood-based activities.
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  • Róin, Ása (författare)
  • Is there a ‘fit’ between theories on and the way in which olderpeople make sense of ageing in their everyday lives?
  • 2015
  • Annan publikation (övrigt vetenskapligt)abstract
    • This paper explores how older people make sense of ageing and discusses how gerontological theories on ageing compare with empirical findings among older people living in the Faroe Islands. Data derived from group and individual interviews with home dwelling retirees aged 68 to 91. A constructionist grounded theory approach was used. From the analysis, three categories arose that each in their way presented important dimensions of ageing: Physical changes with age; social changes with age and ageing perceived as an ongoing process. No single theory could explain the multifaceted empirical realities of ageing that the analysis showed. The findings from this study underscore the importance of acknowledging ageing as a multidimensional process and, most importantly, that understanding this process requires that older people themselves are recognised as co-constructors of knowledge about ageing.
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  • Ponti, Marisa, et al. (författare)
  • Chefs Know More than Just Recipes: Professional Vision in a Citizen Science Game
  • 2017
  • Ingår i: SocArXiv.
  • Annan publikation (övrigt vetenskapligt)abstract
    • The main purpose of this study is to investigate players’ professional vision and interpret their use of recipes during their gameplay. The main research question is: What do players observe and do when they use recipes in their gameplay? To address this question, we examined the choices made by players solving two different kinds of puzzles, a beginner’s puzzle and an advanced one. Specifically, we studied when, how and why the players ran recipes when solving the puzzles, and what actions those recipes performed in the gameplay.
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  • Ponti, Marisa, 1959- (författare)
  • Citizen Science as a New Way To Do Science
  • 2017
  • Annan publikation (övrigt vetenskapligt)abstract
    • This is the abstract of a talk given at the Dagstuhl Seminar 17272 - Citizen Science: Design and Engagement. Citizen science has received increasing attention because of its potential as a cost-effective method of gathering massive data sets and as a way of bridging the intellectual divide between layperson and scientists. Citizen science is not a new phenomenon, but is implemented in new ways in the digital age, offering opportunities to shape new interactions between volunteers, scientists and other stakeholders, including policymakers. Arguably, citizen science rests on two main pillars: openness and participation. However, openness can remain unexploited if we do not create the technical and social conditions for broader participation in more collaborative citizen science projects, beyond collecting and sharing data to scientists. “Public participation” has too often accounted for the assumed ease with which hierarchies in science can be horizontalized, and economic and geographic barriers can be removed. However, public participation is a contested term that should be problematized. The Scandinavian tradition of participatory design can help explore conceptually the challenges related to participation and to design for participation.
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