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Sökning: hsv:(SAMHÄLLSVETENSKAP) hsv:(Annan samhällsvetenskap) hsv:(Tvärvetenskapliga studier) > Malmö universitet

  • Resultat 1-10 av 56
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1.
  • Ottosson, Lisa, et al. (författare)
  • "People Out of Place" : Advocates Negotiations on Children's Participation in the Asylum Application Process in Sweden
  • 2013
  • Ingår i: International Journal of Law, Policy and the Family. - Oxford University Press. - 1360-9939. ; 27:2, s. 266-287
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • This article concerns legal representatives’ negotiations around the principle of children’s best interests and children’s right to participation according to the Convention on the Rights of the Child, in cases of families applying for asylum in Sweden. Using material from nine interviews with children’s advocates, we analyse their strategies for obtaining narratives from children without putting them in a vulnerable position and examine the tension between migration control and children’s interests. The study shows that children are often assumed to be adequately represented by their parents and that they are perceived as ‘people out of place’ in the asylum process. The right to a customised asylum process, in which children’s needs and perspectives are taken into consideration, tends to be overlooked. Also, the principle of children’s best interests is overshadowed by an ambition to prepare the parents’ claims for asylum in a credible and strategic manner or it may be used as a last resort when all other efforts to get an application granted have been exhausted. In addition, although representatives occasionally develop successful ways of bringing child-specific persecution to the attention of the migration authorities, bureaucratic, and economic barriers constitute a limitation. This ultimately results in the child’s right to seek asylum being overshadowed by the state’s highly technical migration control.
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2.
  • Lingärde, Svante, 1969-, et al. (författare)
  • En skälig levnadsnivå för barn
  • 2013
  • Ingår i: Barnfattigdom. - Lund : Studentlitteratur. - 9789144079837 ; s. 119-140
  • Bokkapitel (övrigt vetenskapligt)abstract
    • I kapitlet studeras vad skälig levnadsnivå för barn innebär - förr och nu. Vidare studeras Konsumentverkets hushållsbudget och riksnormen för ekonomiskt bistånd. Det finns flera oklarheter kring vad en skälig levnadsnivå för barn egentligen innebär enligt gällande lagstiftning och rättstillämpning.
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3.
  • Elmerstig, Eva, 1969-, et al. (författare)
  • "Sexual pleasure on equal terms": Young women´s ideal sexual situations
  • 2012
  • Ingår i: Journal of Psychosomatic Obstetrics and Gynaecology. - 0167-482X. ; 33:3, s. 129-134
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Purpose: We wanted to identify young women’s ideal images of sexual situations and expectations of themselves in sexual situations.Methods: We conducted audiotaped qualitative individual interviews with 14 women aged 14 to 20 years, visiting two youth centers in Sweden. The data were analyzed with constant comparative analysis, the basis of grounded theory methodology. Results: The women’s ideal sexual situations in heterosexual practice were characterized by sexual pleasure on equal terms, implying that no one dominates and both partners get pleasure. There were obstacles to reaching this ideal, such as influences from social norms and demands, and experiences of the partner’s “own race”. An incentive to reach the ideal sexual situation was the wish to experience the source of pleasure.Conclusions: Our research further accentuates the importance of finding ways to focus on the complexity of unequal gender norms in youth heterosexuality. A better understanding of these cognitions is essential and useful among professionals working with youths´ sexual health.
4.
  • Scholten, Christina, et al. (författare)
  • Hot och våld mot bussförare och tågvärdar
  • 2017
  • Rapport (övrigt vetenskapligt)abstract
    • I studien har befintlig statistik över inrapporterat hot och våld bland bussförare och tågvärdar analyserats. Den kvalitativ ansatsen i studien bygger på intervjuer med medarbetare och chefer i trafikföretagen. Sammanlagt har 29 bussförare och tågvärdar intervjuats (16 tågvärdar och 12 bussförare), samt 7 chefer i olika befattningar i de två bolagen. Med detta som utgångspunkt har ett antal potentiala åtgärder identiferats och kategoriserats som aktörssamverkan eller organisationsutveckling. Aktörssamverkan handlar om att utveckla samverkan och tydligheten mot kund i avgörande frågor som biljettaviseringer etc. Det är framförallt samverkan mellan trafikföretag och kollektivtrafikmyndighet som är avgörande. Självklart ska även förarna vara med i denna dialog. Organisationsutveckling handlar om att ta fram, tydligt kommunicera och följa upp riktlinjer till förare och tågvärdare. Detta är framförallt viktigt när det gäller färdbeviskontroll. Det handlar även om att förbättra tillbudsrapporteringen och de förutsättningar och vilkor som desas omges med. Det måste vara tydligt att rapporteringen är viktigt, vad som ska rapporteras, när och hur, men även vad den leder till. Vidare är värderingar och värdegrundsarbete en sannolikt en viktig fråga att jobba med. I detta ingår att ha en gemensam sund företagskultur, en tydlighet i vilken roll medarbetare har i olika situationer, diskrimineringsgrunder etc. Medarbetarperspektiv är en viktigt dimension. Att se till att de förare och tågvärdar har en repetoar med svar till de som inte vill visa giligt färdbevis förväntas vara en lämplig åtgärd.
5.
  • Tran, Hoai Anh, et al. (författare)
  • Gender and class in urban transport: the cases of Xian and Hanoi
  • 2010
  • Ingår i: Environment and Urbanization. - 0956-2478. ; 22:1, s. 139-155
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • This paper presents empirical findings of a study on the mobility situation of people of different gender, age and class in two residential areas each in two fast-growing Asian cities with high rates of motorization, Xian in China and Hanoi in Vietnam. Notable class and gender differences in travel patterns were found in both cities. Respondents in the old and poorer residential areas walk more, while better-off respondents in the new areas use motorized transport modes (car and motorbikes) to a greater extent. The main difference in travel modes between the areas in both cities is that non-motorized modes are used as a necessary means of travel for less well-off people in the old areas, while residents in the new (and better-off areas) can choose to switch to motorized modes for longer distance trips. Further class difference can be found in Hanoi in the use of buses and in Xian in the use of cars. The study found that the differences in travel patterns between women and men are similar to those found between the residents of poor and affluent areas: women walk more and men are more motorized. The study also confirms that in both Xian and Hanoi, despite women’s high rates of participation in the labour market, men still predominate in livelihood-related transport tasks whereas women are more involved in household-related transport tasks.
6.
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7.
  • Lundberg, Anna, et al. (författare)
  • Reflections on the right to health
  • 2015
  • Ingår i: Social Transformations in Scandinavian Cities. - Nordic Academic Press. - 9789187675737 ; s. 251-264
  • Bokkapitel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • All human beings have a right to health, but what that means is vague. According to the World Health Organization, ‘health is a state of complete physical, mental and social wellbeing and not merely the absence of disease or infirmity’ (WHO 1946). The former UN Special Rapporteur on the right to health, Paul Hunt, defines it as access to an effective and integrated health system. Also included in the definition are underlying determinants of health that might influence a person’s ability to live a healthy life (Hunt 2006).The right to health is of central importance, of course, and we define it as having access to healthcare as well as aspects of everyday life of importance for a healthy life.1 The latter means such things as friendship, support networks, and access to educational institutions. These were identified as central to our research because they are determinants of health, in the sense that the young people participating in our study referred to them as important. Furthermore,previous research shows that these are important aspects of coping and struggling in everyday life for children who are in a marginalized position (Andersson et al. 2010). Regarding healthcare, this is also an area that has recently been subject to a progressive political or legal development in Sweden and its third largest city, Malmö....
8.
  • Lundberg, Anna, et al. (författare)
  • Technologies of Displacement and Children’s Right to Asylum in Sweden
  • 2017
  • Ingår i: Human Rights Review. - Springer. - 1524-8879. ; 18:2, s. 189-208
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Through an analysis of 100 asylum decisions and 10 interviews with 20 asylum officers at the Swedish Migration Agency this article reveals two intricate processes through which children’s rights are displaced in the Swedish asylum process; by overlooking children’s individual claims for asylum through a circle of neglect, and negating children’s best interests. The article demonstrates how the balancing act between migration control on one hand and children’s rights on the other hand plays out in the asylum process, which results in a double displacement; the children are not adult enough to be addressed as asylum seekers and not children enough to deserve qualification as bearer of children’s rights. An in-depth analysis of everyday practices at institutions applying children’s rights is essential both to understand the reproduction of discrepancies between rights on paper and rights in practice, and to explore the potential of rights to disrupt oppressive vehicles of power.
9.
  • Lundberg, Anna (författare)
  • The Best Interests of the Child Principle in Swedish Asylum Cases : The Marginalization of Children's Rights
  • 2011
  • Ingår i: Journal of Human Rights Practice. - Oxford. - 1757-9619. ; 3:1, s. 49-70
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • This article is based on a two-year research project, ‘The Best Interests of the Child – From Words to Deeds’. The aim of the article is to present and highlight findings on the discrepancy between the policy of the ‘best interests’ principle and its implementation in the asylum application procedures at the Swedish Migration Board. There is a clear ambition to implement the principle of the best interests of the child in the Swedish asylum process. The Swedish Aliens Act and policy documents call for authorities and courts to give due weight to the best interests principle, mainly by taking children's own experiences into account and by analysing the potential impacts of the Board's decisions in individual cases. However, several discrepancies between words and deeds were identified. Firstly, children were not heard to the extent expected in light of the Swedish legislation, and the children's individual grounds for asylum were seldom addressed in interviews with them. Secondly, children's responses were not taken seriously in the assessment of asylum claims. Finally, the ‘best interests’ paragraph in the legislation was mainly used to legitimate rejected asylum applications. Despite the aspirations of civil servants to take individual children's needs and rights into account, a number of challenges often cause children's rights to be neglected. These include the officer's fear of reviving children's traumatic past experiences, mistrust regarding the grounds of asylum claims, and the lack of time caused by under-resourcing. The main finding drawn from the study is that, at the Migration Board, children's rights are treated as secondary to the national interest of keeping overall migration numbers down. A solution to this problem, presented in the article, would be to more clearly assess children's asylum claims in light of the Convention on the Rights of the Child (CRC). Such a rights-based approach to the best interests of the child would help officials to act within their discretion.
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10.
  • Lundberg, Anna, et al. (författare)
  • Unaccompanied Children Seeking Asylum in Sweden : Living Conditions from a Child-Centred Perspective
  • 2012
  • Ingår i: Refugee Survey Quarterly. - Oxford University Press. - 1020-4067. ; 31:2, s. 54-75
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The article presents unaccompanied refugee children’s current situation in Sweden from a child-centred perspective. Interviews were conducted with 26 children. A key finding was that the way individuals perceived their situation was highly dependent on the status of their asylum application. In cases where all instances of the Swedish asylum process had been involved, the children described their situation as significantly difficult. At first, the children seemed satisfied with the fact that they had their human rights to housing, food, and support fulfilled. But on closer analysis of the interview answers it was revealed that many of the children’s existences were completely overshadowed by concern for the future and an underlying need of support. They described the asylum process as extremely worrying. Some children were not able to go to school, some felt offended when officials doubted their stories, and several children became sick after having their asylum application rejected. They emphasised that information from the authorities must be clear. Possible improvements in current practices are: continued information from authorities about the asylum case, more therapeutic care, and every day contact with supportive adults and friends.
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