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Sökning: hsv:(SAMHÄLLSVETENSKAP) hsv:(Annan samhällsvetenskap) hsv:(Tvärvetenskapliga studier) > Högskolan i Skövde

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1.
  • Hammarlund, Kina, et al. (författare)
  • The lived experience of genital warts : The Swedish example
  • 2004
  • Ingår i: Health Care for Women International. - Routledge. - 0739-9332. ; 25:5, s. 489-502
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Our aim in this study was to analyze and describe young Swedish women's experiences of living with genital warts. Interviews with 10 young women, aged 16-21 years, were interpreted within a lifeworld hermeneutic tradition. The women experience themselves as victims of a disgusting disease. Furthermore, they appear to disregard the fact that their own lifestyles could be a risk factor for contracting venereal infections. On the other hand they get to know their bodies better after the gynecological examinations where the treatment begins. Their loss of innocence is considerable; thus it seems fair to compare this experience with earlier epochs' ideas about loss of virginity due to the first intercourse. Consequently the young women also start looking at themselves as adults, and they take responsibility for the consequences of their sexuality.
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3.
  • Kåberger, Tomas, et al. (författare)
  • Economic Efficiency of Compulsory Green Electricity Quotas in Sweden
  • 2004
  • Ingår i: Energy & Environment. - Multi-Science Publishing. - 0958-305X. ; 15:4, s. 675-697
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Green certificates are not an efficient as a measure to correct for the effect of environmental external costs of fossil fuels and nuclear power. Nor are they efficient as a measure to create markets for new electricity supply technologies.Removing subsidies and introducing environmental taxes on energy sources with undesired external effects more efficiently corrects for incurred environmental costs. It appears that guaranteed feed-in tariffs are a more efficient policy instrument to promote the industrialisation of technologies for new sustainable sources of electricity.Alternatively, the certificate scheme could be reformed in a number of ways to improve performance. However decisions to change or abolish the instrument cannot be taken lightly since instrument stability is very important for the credibility of future policy.
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4.
  • Linnéusson, Gary, et al. (författare)
  • In Need for Better Maintenance Cost Modelling to Support the Partnership with Manufacturing
  • 2016
  • Ingår i: Current Trends in Reliability, Availability, Maintainability and Safety : An Industry Perspective. - Springer. - 978-3-319-23596-7 - 978-3-319-23597-4 ; s. 263-282
  • Konferensbidrag (övrigt vetenskapligt)abstract
    • The problem of maintenance consequential costs has to be dealt with in manufacturing and is core of this paper. The need of sustainable partnership between manufacturing and maintenance is addressed. Stuck in a best practice thinking, applying negotiation as a method based on power statements in the service level agreement, the common best possible achievable goal is put on risk. Instead, it may enforce narrow minded sub optimized thinking even though not intended so. Unfortunately, the state of origin is not straightforward business. Present maintenance cost modelling is approached, however limits to its ability to address the dynamic complexity of production flows are acknowledged. The practical problem to deal with is units put together in production flows; in which downtime in any unit may or may not result in decreased throughput depending on its set up. In this environment accounting consequential costs is a conundrum and a way forward is suggested. One major aspect in the matter is the inevitable need of shift in mind, from perspective thinking in maintenance and manufacturing respectively towards shared perspectives, nourishing an advantageous sustainable partnership.
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5.
  • Lowe, Robert, 1975-, et al. (författare)
  • Affective-Associative Two-Process theory: A neural network investigation of adaptive behaviour in differential outcomes training
  • 2017
  • Ingår i: Adaptive Behavior. - 1059-7123. ; 25:1, s. 5-23
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • In this article we present a novel neural network implementation of Associative Two-Process (ATP) theory based on an Actor–Critic-like architecture. Our implementation emphasizes the affective components of differential reward magnitude and reward omission expectation and thus we model Affective-Associative Two-Process theory (Aff-ATP). ATP has been used to explain the findings of differential outcomes training (DOT) procedures, which emphasize learning differentially valuated outcomes for cueing actions previously associated with those outcomes. ATP hypothesizes the existence of a ‘prospective’ memory route through which outcome expectations can bring to bear on decision making and can even substitute for decision making based on the ‘retrospective’ inputs of standard working memory. While DOT procedures are well recognized in the animal learning literature they have not previously been computationally modelled. The model presented in this article helps clarify the role of ATP computationally through the capturing of empirical data based on DOT. Our Aff-ATP model illuminates the different roles that prospective and retrospective memory can have in decision making (combining inputs to action selection functions). In specific cases, the model’s prospective route allows for adaptive switching (correct action selection prior to learning) following changes in the stimulus–response–outcome contingencies.
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6.
  • Olsson, Ann, et al. (författare)
  • Fatherhood in focus, sexual activity can wait : New fathers' experience about sexual life after childbirth
  • 2010
  • Ingår i: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences. - Nordic College of Caring Science. - 0283-9318. ; 24:4, s. 716-725
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Background: Becoming a parent is overwhelming for most men  and  women  and  alters  the  sexual  relationship  for many couples. Aim: To describe fathers’ experience about sexual life after childbirth within the ?rst 6 months after childbirth. Method: A descriptive design, using content analysis with a qualitative approach, based on focus group discussions and one-to-one interviews. Participants: Eight  ?rst-time  and  two  subsequent  fathers participated. Results: Three subthemes were identi?ed: Struggling between stereotypes  and  personal  perceptions  of  male  sexuality  during transition to fatherhood; new frames for negotiating sex; a need to feel  safe  and  at  ease  in  the  new  family  situation. The over-arching  theme  emerged  as  ‘transition  to  fatherhood  brings sexual life to a crossroads’ and guided us to a deeper understanding  of  the  dif?culties  men  experience  during  the transition  to  fatherhood.  To  get  sexual  life  working,  a number  of  issues  had  to  be  resolved,  such  as  getting involved in the care of the baby and the household and getting  in  tune  with  their  partners  in  regard  to  sexual desire. The men needed to be reassured and prepared for this new situation by health care professionals. Conclusions: New fathers in our study put the baby in focus in early parenthood and were prepared to postpone sex until  both  parties  were  ready,  although  they  needed reassurance to feel at ease with the new family situation. The fathers’ perceptions of sexual life extended to include all kinds of closeness and touching, and it deviated from the stereotype of male sexuality. This is important information for health care providers and midwives to be aware of for their encounters with men (and women) during the transition  to  fatherhood,  and  parenthood  and  can  contribute  to  caring  science  with  a  gender  perspective  on adjustment of sexual life after childbirth.
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7.
  • Pettersson, Ingvor, et al. (författare)
  • Lifeworld perspectives on assistive devices lived experiences of spouses of persons with stroke.
  • 2005
  • Ingår i: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy. - 1103-8128. ; 12:4, s. 159-169
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The purpose of this study was to explore how spouses of persons with a disability following stroke describe their lived experiences regarding assistive devices in everyday life. A phenomenological lifeworld approach was used and conversational interviews were conducted with 12 spouses. Their lived experiences of assistive devices were explored in relation to four lifeworld existentials intertwined in everyday life. The results showed that lived body concerns aspects of feelings, habits, and incorporation of the devices with one's own body. The devices are, from the spouses' perspective, a prerequisite for their partner with stroke living at home. Successively the devices are incorporated into the couples' homes, and they provide a new view of the environment, aspects related to lived space. The devices bring about a changed relation to lived time, related to past, present, and future. Further, lived human relation concerns changed relationships to husbands/wives with stroke, including a great responsibility due to the devices and their usage. The results also included stigmatizing aspects and a twofold relationship to health professionals regarding participation in decisions about prescribing assistive devices. Understanding the unique meaning of assistive devices from the spouses' perspective is vital for occupational therapists prescribing such devices.
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