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  • Mont, Oksana, et al. (författare)
  • The changing landscape of work time reduction. The past and the future.
  • 2016
  • Ingår i: Sustainability and the Political Economy of Welfare. - Routledge. - 9781317407423 - 9781315683850 - 9781138065888 - 9781138925281 ; s. 125-125
  • Bokkapitel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • This chapter explains a historical overview of work organization strategies during the nineteenth and early twentieth century. It analyses the political and economic factors that affected the work time norms in the second half of the twentieth century, from around 1970 to 2000. The chapter discusses work organization in the changing world of low economic growth, decelerating increases in labour productivity and high levels of unemployment. It examines recent work time reduction and work-sharing policies in several European countries and evaluates their results. Work time reduction (WTR) became a critical and highly disputed issue in the early stages of emerging capitalism when the industrial revolution brought about not only technological advances, but also unprecedented levels of increases in work time. Improved labour productivity led to a hitherto unseen economic output, flooding markets with products and increasing material standards of living.
  • Abrahamsson Lindeblad, Peter, et al. (författare)
  • Handledning för mätning och utvärdering av resfria möten
  • 2014
  • Rapport (övrigt vetenskapligt)abstract
    • Det resfria mötet – vårt sätt att arbeta och träffas utan att vara på samma plats fysiskt – blir allt vanligare. Men vad blir effekterna och hur mäter vi dessa? Med hjälp av verktyg som telefonkonferenser, videokonferenser och datorstödda mötesverktyg sköter vi en allt större del av vår dagliga verksamhet. Organisationer inför och använder resfria mötesverktyg med en förhoppning att de ska medföra en mängd positiva effekter: besparingar i tid, resande och kostnader, minskad stress bland medarbetarna, ökad produktivitet, och i förlängningen även en minskad belastning på miljön. För att kunna följa upp om de önskade effekterna faktiskt uppnås har denna handledning tagits fram. Handledningen ger förslag på hur användningen av resfria möten och effekterna därav mäts, hur man kan tolka resultatet och förslag på vad man kan göra för att förbättra resultatet.
  • Bodo, Peter, et al. (författare)
  • Out of Control?
  • 2008
  • Ingår i: Proceedings of the 2nd SCORE! Conference, Refereed Sessions III.-IV.. - Sustainable Consumption Research Exchange Network (SCORE!). ; s. 25-49
  • Konferensbidrag (refereegranskat)
  • Breukers, Sylvia, et al. (författare)
  • Mainstreaming best practices in energy demand
  • 2011
  • Ingår i: ECEEE 2011. - ECEEE.
  • Konferensbidrag (refereegranskat)abstract
    • It is becoming increasingly clear that we need an integrated approach to understanding and encouraging transitions towards a sustainable energy system. Current overall unsustainable ‘practices’ are locked into cultural, material, institutional and infrastructural settings. This limits the scope for individual choice and action. Even when actions are taken on individual or project level, they often remain stand-alone niche experiments and little further diffusion takes place. This paper addresses this problem by investigating how new more sustainable practices in the field of energy demand at the micro level can become mainstream and how energy demand side management projects can encourage this. We first discuss how a multilevel systems approach and practice theory may be fruitfully combined to address the problem of mainstreaming. Second, we analyse four empirical cases of energy demand side management. We explore efforts at diffusing these sustainable energy practices, the encountered challenges, employed solutions and achieved outcomes with the goal of learning about opportunities to mainstream best practices in the field of energy demand. The analysis reveals that the case that involved the most radical innovation faced the highest resistance to mainstreaming from the incumbent system. The more incremental initiatives were more successful at diffusing, but had rather modest outcomes in terms of environmental and efficiency gains. An important finding is that in order to shift everyday practices to a more sustainable direction, an understanding of possibilities to trigger changes in social norms is needed. When these changes are quite invasive, more time for negotiation and discussion might be needed before they become regarded as legitimate. Furthermore, connecting supply and demand (instead of merely addressing the demand side) can be crucial in mainstreaming sustainable energy practices. Although lessons learned from the cases do not offer clear-cut ‘do’s and don’ts’ for future efforts, they do highlight important issues for mainstreaming sustainable practices. These issues can sometimes be addressed within the scope of a single energy demand side project, but often policy has an important facilitating role to play in making sustainable energy practices legitimate and mainstream.
  • Budeanu, Adriana, et al. (författare)
  • Revisiting the lock-in hypothesis on sustainable lifestyles: empirical evidence from consumption of leisure in three Swedish destinations
  • 2010
  • Konferensbidrag (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Sustainable lifestyles and consumption refer to multiple spheres of human activities such as mobility, housing, food and leisure. Increasingly consumers are called upon to assume greater responsibility for changing their lifestyles, primarily through making environmentally sound purchasing choices and changing behavior. To motivate consumers, governments have often focused on improving the provision of “behaviour-changing” information to consumers. However, recent studies demonstrate that the effectiveness of these instruments in terms of actually changing consumer behavior and reducing environmental impacts have not been very promising. This is even more evident in the leisure and tourism sectors where key players in the tourism industry have started to argue that the consumers are not opting for greener alternatives. The “lock-in” hypothesis suggests that it is not necessarily consumers who may not be so willing to change behaviour, but rather contextual circumstances that lock-in preferred choices. Building on an extensive survey of leisure travelers, conducted in 2008-2009 in three Swedish destinations, this paper brings empirical evidence on the extent of the lock-in effect within the context of sustainable leisure lifestyles. The surveys cover tourist choices; their precedents and the awareness of more environmentally sound alternative options in mobility, lodging and leisure activities at the destinations. We correlate this with structural factors in the experience-offer at the destinations.
  • Chkanikova, Olga, et al. (författare)
  • Corporate Supply Chain Responsibility: Drivers and Barriers for Sustainable Food Retailing
  • 2015
  • Ingår i: Corporate Social Responsibility and Environmental Management. - John Wiley & Sons. - 1535-3966. ; 22:2, s. 65-82
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The paper aims to provide a systematic overview of the drivers and barriers for food retailers to implement corporate supply chain responsibility. The research is based on a literature analysis and semi-structured interviews with food retailers, with primary focus on Swedish conventional supermarket chains. The paper contributes to the existing body of research by providing the food retailers’ own perspective on the factors that trigger addressing sustainability concerns in their supply chain and by providing a taxonomy of drivers and barriers. As a result, a number of additional factors that influence the launch of responsible supply chain practices have been identified. Interestingly some of these factors are beyond the trivial driver-barrier dichotomy. This paper is of interest to food retailers who aim to design sustainable supply chain strategies and justify associated investments, and for policymakers who aim to support retailers in their transition towards sustainable practices.
  • Chkanikova, Olga, et al. (författare)
  • Overview of sustainability initiatives in European food retail sector
  • 2011
  • Annan publikation (övrigt vetenskapligt)abstract
    • This study aims to provide a comprehensive overview of sustainability practices in food retailing sector. Report is structured to reflect on overall sustainability trends among European food retailers, outline drivers and barriers to address sustainability issues in retailer’s supply chain operations and provide classification of sustainability initiatives undertaken by EU retail organizations that could be classified as forerunners in environmental field. Proposed classification embraces wide range of initiatives targeted towards greening particular aspects of business activities in upstream and downstream supply chain, as well as in-shop. Furthermore, analysis of initiatives is undertaken to reflect on how widespread different sustainability activities among retail organizations. Eventually, drawing on examples of ‘best practice’ among European forerunners, recommendations for retailers and policy-makers are provided on how to further sustainability work in food supply chain.
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