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Sökning: hsv:(SAMHÄLLSVETENSKAP) hsv:(Annan samhällsvetenskap) > Högskolan Dalarna

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1.
  • Marcheschi, Elizabeth, et al. (författare)
  • Home setting after stroke, facilitators and barriers: a systematic literature review
  • 2017
  • Ingår i: Health & Social Care in the Community. - 0966-0410. ; 00, s. 1-9
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • This paper seeks to improve the understanding of the interaction between patients with stroke and the physical environment in their home settings. Stroke care is increasingly performed in the patient's home. Therefore, a systematic review was conducted to identify the existing knowledge about facilitators and barriers in the physical environment of home settings for the stroke rehabilitation process. Based upon Arksey and O'Malley's framework, a Boolean search strategy was performed in the databases; CINAHL, Medline, Web of Science and Scopus. Fifteen articles were retained from the literature search conducted between August and November 2016, and two researchers independently assessed their quality based on the Swedish Council on Health Technology Assessment guidelines. The results suggest that despite the healthcare system's ongoing shift towards home-based rehabilitation, the role played by the physical environment of home settings is still considered a side finding. Moreover, the research appears to focus mainly on how this environment supports mobility and activities of daily living, whereas information regarding the psychosocial and emotional processes that mediate the interaction between stroke survivors and their home setting are missing. A lack of information was also found with regard to the influence of different geographic locations on the stroke rehabilitation process. Future investigations are therefore needed to advance the understanding of the role played by the physical environment of home settings in supporting stroke recovery.
2.
  • Bengtsson, Mattias, et al. (författare)
  • När kallet ställs på sin spets: Pensionering ur ett existenssociologiskt perspektiv
  • 2016
  • Ingår i: Sociologisk forskning. - 0038-0342. ; 53:2, s. 127-150
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • When the calling is brought to a head: Retirement from an existential sociology perspectiveIn this article we analyze how the meaning and value of work can emerge, be defined and redefined in relation to the coming of retirement, by focusing individuals with dedicated work approaches interpreted as a calling. By relying on an existential sociology framework we analyze the retirement process as an existential imperative, e.g. life phases or processes where questions on meaning and life quality become prominent. For the interviewees, the day of retirement becomes a sort of a road sign that – depending on the distance of time to the point of retirement – has intensified existential questions and the meaning of work. The article explores the defining dimensions of a calling as found in the interviewees dedicated work approaches. We address the types of problems and opportunities that arise when the interviewees are soon to retire and their associated strategies: listening to a calling on ”standby”; learning not to listen to one’s calling, listening to a calling from a private sphere and project the calling’s commitment to other activities.
3.
  • Hedlund, Ann, et al. (författare)
  • Är dagens arbeten attraktiva? Värderingar hos 1440 anställda
  • 2010
  • Ingår i: Arbetsmarknad & Arbetsliv. - Karlstad : Lena Gonäs. - 1400-9692. ; :4, s. 31-43
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Utifrån problematiken med att rekrytera kompetent arbetskraft är det intressant att studera vad som gör arbeten attraktiva. Här presenteras de första resultaten av vad anställda från några arbetsplatser tycker om arbete med utgångspunkt i modellen av Attraktivt Arbete. Både vad som är viktigt för att ett arbete ska vara attraktivt och synen på nuvarande arbeten redovisas. Hur viktigt är det att vara förtrogen med sitt arbete? Hur viktiga är arbetskamraterna?
4.
  • Nordvall, Anders, et al. (författare)
  • Understanding hallmark event failure : A case study of a Swedish music festival
  • 2017
  • Ingår i: International Journal of Event and Festival Management. - 1785-2954. ; 8:2, s. 172-185
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • PurposeHallmark events can be very beneficial for host communities, not least due to their potential in attracting tourists. The Peace & Love music festival was the hallmark event of the Swedish city Borlänge. In 2013, the event organization declared bankruptcy and canceled the forthcoming festival. The purpose of this paper is to identify and discuss the factors that caused the failure of the 2013 Peace & Love festival.Design/methodology/approachThe case of the Peace & Love festival is analyzed using three data sources: interviews with the former members of the event organization; secondary data describing the Swedish festival industry; and festival visitors’ perspectives represented by comments on social media. An organizational ecology perspective frames the analysis.FindingsThe results of the study reveal that the failure of the event can be understood by a combination of three components: an organization in a vulnerable position, a strong new competitor entering the Swedish festival market, and uncertain visitors searching for the new place to be.Originality/valueVery few studies have researched event failure, although the subject is a recommended priority within the field of festival studies. This study presents a thorough examination of a hallmark event failure, which contributes to this area of knowledge and provides relevant information for organizations and host cities.
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5.
  • Purcell Sjölund, Anita (författare)
  • My Name is Samoan
  • 2015
  • Ingår i: Negotiating Modern Pacific Island Identities.
  • Konferensbidrag (populärvet., debatt m.m.)abstract
    • In the Samoan culture, chiefly titles are a form of oral history and cultural knowledge.  In this paper, I interpret the term Samoan to be a title that has its own oral history and cultural knowledge. Those who call themselves Samoan belong to this history. However, Samoan is a title which is contested and (re)defined by contemporary Samoan cultural practitioners in immigration destination countries such as New Zealand. Examples are Victor Roger’s play My Name is Gary Cooper, Oscar Kightley and Simon Small’s play Fresh Off the Boat, and Tusi Tamasese’s film The Orator (O Le Tulafale). These works subvert the Western gaze upon the Samoan as the exotic and present a cultural mirror to Samoans to reveal how they view themselves. They form a larger discussion on a transnational or meta-Samoan culture and identity that is inclusive and that reflects the urban and cosmopolitan realities of Samoans whether they are in Samoa or abroad as seen in web networks such as the “Coconet”.
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6.
  • Aberg, Anna Cristina, et al. (författare)
  • On loss of activity and independence, adaptation improves life satisfaction in old age : a qualitative study of patients' perceptions
  • 2005
  • Ingår i: Quality of Life Research. - Springer. - 0962-9343 .- 1573-2649. ; 14:4, s. 1111-1125
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The purpose was to improve the understanding of factors are perceived by elderly people as important for their life satisfaction, during and after rehabilitation. Fifteen persons aged 80-94 years were interviewed while in hospital and on two follow-up occasions after discharge. Assessment of motor function using the General Motor Function assessment scale was used for descriptive purposes. Three themes emerged as important for life satisfaction: activity, independence and adaptation. Activity and independence were considered significant for life satisfaction. Basic activity preferences were related to care of one's own body and to social contacts. Control and influence over help and services were regarded as important. Different strategies for adaptation to the consequences of disease were used: reorganisation, interaction with caregivers, mental adaptation and mental activities (used as pastime and escape). Those with declined motor functions limited their activity preferences. A key finding was that pleasant past memories were actively recalled in an effort to achieve current life satisfaction. This adaptation strategy created a sense of life satisfaction, however with a potential risk for concealing dissatisfaction with conditions that might otherwise be correctable. Strategies for improving life satisfaction among old people in rehabilitation are suggested.
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7.
  • Avdic, Anders, 1950-, et al. (författare)
  • Searching reference databases : what students experience and what teachers believe that students experience
  • 2010
  • Ingår i: Journal of Librarianship and Information Science. - London : Sage. - 0961-0006. ; 42:4, s. 224-235
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The Internet has made it possible for students to access a vast amount of high quality references when writing papers. Yet research has shown that the use of reference databases is poor and the quality of student papers is consequently often below expectation. The objective of this paper is twofold. First, it aims to describe the problems students experience when they search information using a university reference database. Second it aims to compare the perspective of students on the problems with that of their teachers. As basis for the study we have used the Unified Theory of Acceptance and Use of Technology (UTAUT) model. A web-based survey was carried out. A total of 150 students at Örebro University in Sweden participated in the survey. The results have been analysed by comparison of median values. Results show that students experience problems mostly in the category of efforts expectancy. Differences between the two groups are most significant in the category of effort expectancy and students’ patience in searching. Teachers are more pessimistic about students’ capacity in information searching than the students themselves.
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10.
  • Han, Mengjie, 1985- (författare)
  • Heuristic optimization of the p-median problem and population re-distribution
  • 2013
  • Doktorsavhandling (övrigt vetenskapligt)abstract
    • This thesis contributes to the heuristic optimization of the p-median problem and Swedish population redistribution.  The p-median model is the most representative model in the location analysis. When facilities are located to a population geographically distributed in Q demand points, the p-median model systematically considers all the demand points such that each demand point will have an effect on the decision of the location. However, a series of questions arise. How do we measure the distances? Does the number of facilities to be located have a strong impact on the result? What scale of the network is suitable? How good is our solution? We have scrutinized a lot of issues like those. The reason why we are interested in those questions is that there are a lot of uncertainties in the solutions. We cannot guarantee our solution is good enough for making decisions. The technique of heuristic optimization is formulated in the thesis.  Swedish population redistribution is examined by a spatio-temporal covariance model. A descriptive analysis is not always enough to describe the moving effects from the neighbouring population. A correlation or a covariance analysis is more explicit to show the tendencies. Similarly, the optimization technique of the parameter estimation is required and is executed in the frame of statistical modeling. 
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