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Sökning: hsv:(SAMHÄLLSVETENSKAP) > Gärling Tommy 1941

  • Resultat 1-10 av 217
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  • Jansson, Magnus, 1970-, et al. (författare)
  • Investment style and perceived drivers of adoption of socially responsible investment among Swedish institutional investors
  • 2011
  • Ingår i: The Journal of Investing. ; 20:3, s. 118-123
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • A survey was conducted to investigate investment style and drivers of socially responsible investment (SRI) among institutional investors. Respondents were 60 professionals working as SRI or non-SRI investors in 19 different Swedish banks, pension funds, or mutual fund companies. The results showed that non-SRI investors perceived market regulations to be a strong driver of SRI, while SRI investors perceived others’ behavior to be a strong driver. No differences were found between SRI and non-SRI investors with respect to short-term versus long-term or active versus passive investment styles.
  • Friman, Margareta, 1970-, et al. (författare)
  • An Analysis of Soft Transport Policy Measures Implemented in Sweden to Reduce Private Car Use
  • 2013
  • Ingår i: Transportation. - 0049-4488. ; 40:1, s. 109-129
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Evaluations carried out in many countries show that soft policy measures in the form of personalized travel planning reduce private car use and increase travel by public transport. Sweden is a sparsely populated country that poorly supports public transport, a country with long distances, a cold climate, and a high concentration of private cars, which is why soft policy measures implemented in Sweden may be less cost-effective than has been found in other countries. Thirty-two programs using personalized travel planning were analysed with regard to stewardship, geographic area of application, choice of techniques of exerting an influence, and effects on car use and choice of alternative travel modes. None of the evaluations of the documented programs met the method requirements for such evaluations as regards design and effect measurement. Additionally, reporting was substandard as well as non-standard in the way that is desirable in order to enable comparative analyses. With reservations for these shortcomings, it is inferred that positive effects on a par with the results in other countries have been obtained in some of the implemented programs. It is however necessary to conduct evaluations which are of higher quality. The requirements which will then have to be applied are defined.
  • Redman, Lauren, et al. (författare)
  • Quality attributes of public transport that attract car users: A research review
  • 2013
  • Ingår i: Transport Policy. - 0967-070X. ; 25, s. 119-127
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The transport sector presents contentious issues with respect to sustainable development, particularly regarding the use of private motorised vehicles in urban areas. Public transport (PT) together with cycling and walking are generally agreed to be sustainable alternatives to private car use. This paper aims to contribute to a better understanding of those aspects of PT quality most likely to attract car users. Toward achieving this aim, relevant research was sought to answer the following two questions: What quality attributes of PT services are attractive to users? And what changes in quality attributes of PT services would encourage modal shift from private motor vehicles to PT? Using a qualitative systematic review, it is concluded that while service reliability and frequency are important PT attributes in general, those attributes most effective in attracting car users are largely affective and connected to individual perceptions, motivations and contexts. Reduced fare promotions and other habit-interrupting transport policy measures can succeed in encouraging car users to try PT services initially. Attributes over and above basic accessibility, reliability and mobility provision, perceived by the target market as important service attributes, must then be provided in sustaining the switch from car use after promotional tactics have expired.
  • Gärling, Tommy, 1941-, et al. (författare)
  • Economic and psychological determinants of ownership, use and changes in use of private cars
  • 2018
  • Ingår i: The Cambridge Handbook of Psychology and Economic Behaviour. - Cambridge : Cambridge University Press. - 9781316676349 - 9781107161399 ; s. 567-594
  • Bokkapitel (övrigt vetenskapligt)abstract
    • In this chapter, we first address two questions: why are automobiles purchased, and why are automobiles, after being purchased, used to such a large extent? We argue that instrumental and economic factors (including time savings) play important roles. Yet, psychological factors appear to also play a decisive role. Following a brief overview of factors accounting for the unprecedented historical increase in automobile ownership (Section 19.2), determinants of private car use will be analysed in the following section, 19.3. Substantial environmental and societal costs of private car use such as congestion, noise, air pollution, excessive land use crowding out other uses and depletion of material and energy resources are expected future consequences of the worldwide increasing trend in automobile ownership and use (Goodwin, 1996; Greene and Wegener, 1997; van Wee, 2012, 2014). In many urban areas, these consequences are already being felt, leading to various policy measures for reducing or changing private car use being placed high on the political agendas. In Section 19.4, we describe and classify a number of such policy measures. Following this classification, we review in the same section evidence of the policy measures’ effectiveness, public acceptability and political feasibility. Historical Trends in Private Car Ownership and Use The automobile has drastically altered the development of the world like few other human inventions. In the developed countries, and now in developing countries, its versatility strongly contributes to why it is chosen for urban, suburban and rural travel (Jakobsson, 2007). Versatility (in this chapter, referred to as instrumental motives) is, however, not a sufficient explanation. As will be argued, the automobile is also chosen because it is fun to drive and ride, provides privacy and security and signals social status (Gatersleben, 2007, 2014; Stradling, 2002). Even though cars were available at the beginning of the twentieth century, it was only in the years after World War II with the subsequent spread of affluence and the acceleration of automobile mass production that ownership was brought within the reach of a majority of households in the industrialised world.
  • Andersson, Maria, 1977-, et al. (författare)
  • A Social-Psychological Perspective on Herding in Stock Markets
  • 2014
  • Ingår i: The Journal of Behavioral Finance. - 1542-7560 .- 1542-7579. ; 15:3, s. 226-234
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • A social-psychological perspective conceives of herding in stock markets as informative social influence resulting from heuristic or systematic information processing. In three laboratory experiments employing undergraduates we apply this perspective to investigate factors that prevent herd influence that would lead to inaccurate predictions of stock prices. In Experiment 1 we show that an economic reward for making the same predictions as the herd increases the influence of a majority but not the influence of a minority, and that an individual economic reward for making accurate predictions reduces the influence of the majority. In Experiment 2 we show a reduced influence of a majority herd’s inaccurate predictions when requiring assessments of the accuracy of the majority herd´s predictions as compared to requiring judgments of their consistency. Experiment 3 shows that a lower volatility of stock prices reduces the influence of a majority herd´s inaccurate predictions
  • Andersson, Maria, 1977-, et al. (författare)
  • Effects of consistency and accurate predictions of stock prices on herding in a simulated financial market.
  • 2008
  • Ingår i: Poster presented at the 29th annual conference of the Society for Judgment and Decision Making, Chicago, USA..
  • Konferensbidrag (övrigt vetenskapligt)abstract
    • In a simulated financial market setting we investigate the degree to which participants in judgment tasks were influenced by other (fictitious) participants’ judgments. Two experiments examine the influence from random vs. accurate majorities (Experiment 1), random vs. accurate minorities (Experiment 2), and whether the influence was affected by instructing participants to focus on the accuracy in performance (Experiments 1 and 2). Results show that participants followed majorities irrespectively of their level of accuracy, whereas accurate minorities were more influential than random minorities. The focus instruction decreased majority influence, regardless of accuracy, but increased the influence from accurate minorities.
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