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Sökning: hsv:(SAMHÄLLSVETENSKAP) > Carlbring Per

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1.
  • Andersson, Gerhard, 1966-, et al. (författare)
  • Cognitive bias via the Internet : A comparison of web-based and standard emotional Stroop tasks in social phobia
  • 2006
  • Ingår i: Cognitive Behaviour Therapy. - 1650-6073. ; 35:1, s. 55-62
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • There is accumulating evidence to suggest that social phobia is associated with attentional bias for words related to social threat. Information processing in individuals with social phobia (n = 87) was investigated in the present study using 2 versions of the emotional Stroop task. Results from a standard emotional Stroop task indicated delayed colour naming of socially threatening words relative to neutral words, in line with previous research, whereas results from a Web-based emotional Stroop task indicated a facilitation effect, with faster manual indication of colour choice for socially threatening words than for neutral words. Possible explanations for these contrasting findings and issues for further research are discussed. © 2006 Taylor & Francis.
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2.
  • Andersson, Gerhard, et al. (författare)
  • Stroop facilitation in tinnitus patients: : an experiment conducted via the world wide web
  • 2005
  • Ingår i: Cyberpsychology and behavior. ; 8:1, s. 32-38
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Cognitive mechanisms have been proposed to play an important role in tinnitus. In the present study, tinnitus participants were administered an emotional Stroop test via the Internet, incorporating words related to tinnitus concerns. In line with previous research using this Web-based version of the emotional Stroop test, faster colour naming was demonstrated for concern-relevant words relative to neutral words. The present results thus provided supported for a role of cognitive factors that are important for the understanding of tinnitus. However, future research is warranted in order to clarify the precise mechanisms involved in tinnitus-related Stroop effects.
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4.
  • Abdollahi, Abbas, et al. (författare)
  • Coping Style as a Moderator of Perfectionism and Suicidal Ideation Among Undergraduate Students
  • 2017
  • Ingår i: Journal of Rational-Emotive & Cognitive-Behavior Therapy. - Springer US. - 0894-9085. ; 35:3, s. 223-239
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Suicide is a serious and growing public health problem and remains an unnecessary cause of death globally. In Iran, the highest prevalence of acute and chronic suicidal ideation is among young people aged 16–24. This study investigates the relationship between coping style, two types of perfectionism, and suicidal ideation among undergraduates, and examines coping style as a moderator of the relationship between perfectionism and suicidal ideation. Multi-stage cluster random sampling was employed to recruit 547 undergraduate students aged 19–24 years from the Islamic Azad University of Karaj. Structural Equation Modelling indicated that suicidal ideation was negatively associated with adaptive perfectionism and task-focused coping but positively associated with emotion-focused coping, avoidance coping, and maladaptive perfectionism. Coping style (including the three styles of task-focused, emotion-focused, and avoidance coping) was found to moderate the relationship between perfectionism and suicidal ideation. The study advances understanding of the importance of coping style in this context and explains how perfectionism affects suicidal ideation.
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5.
  • Abdollahi, Abbas, et al. (författare)
  • Effect of exercise augmentation of cognitive behavioural therapy for the treatment of suicidal ideation and depression
  • 2017
  • Ingår i: Journal of Affective Disorders. - 0165-0327. ; 219, s. 58-63
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Background: Suicidal ideation and depression are prevalent and costly conditions that reduce quality of life. This study was designed to determine the efficacy of exercise as an adjunct to cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT) for suicidal ideation and depression among depressed individuals.Methods: In a randomized clinical trial, 54 mildly to moderately depressed patients (54% female, mean age=48.25) were assigned to a combined CBT and exercise group or to a CBT only group. Both groups received one weekly session of therapy for 12 weeks, while the combined group also completed exercise three times weekly over the same period. Self-reported suicidal ideation, depression, and activities of daily living were measured at the beginning and the end of treatment.Results: Multilevel modelling revealed greater improvements in suicidal ideation, depression, and activities of daily living in the combined CBT and exercise group, compared to the CBT only group.Limitations: No follow-up data were collected, so the long-term effects (i.e., maintenance of gains) is unclear.Conclusions: The findings revealed that exercise adjunct to CBT effectively decreases both depressive symptoms and suicidal ideation in mildly to moderately depressed individuals.
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6.
  • Abdollahi, Abbas, et al. (författare)
  • Emotional intelligence moderates perceived stress and suicidal ideation among depressed adolescent inpatients
  • 2016
  • Ingår i: Personality and Individual Differences. - 0191-8869. ; 102, s. 223-228
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Because it remains one of the third leading causes of death among adolescents around the world, suicide is a major public health concern. This study was designed in response to this concern by examining the relationships among perceived stress, emotional intelligence, and suicidal ideation and to test the moderating role of emotional intelligence in the relationship between perceived stress and suicidal ideation. A sample of depressed adolescents (n = 202) was recruited from five hospitals in Tehran, Iran, and then asked to complete measures of patient health, suicidal ideation, perceived stress, and emotional intelligence. Structural Equation Modeling showed that depressed adolescent in-patients with high levels of perceived stress and low levels of emotional intelligence were more likely to report suicidal ideation. Multi-group analysis indicated that depressed in-patients high in both perceived stress and emotional intelligence had less suicidal ideation than others. The findings support the notion that perceived stress acts as a vulnerability factor that increase suicidal ideation among depressed inpatients. Suicidal history moderated the relationship between emotional intelligence and suicidal ideation. These findings also highlight the importance of emotional intelligence as a buffer in the relationship between perceived stress and suicidal ideation.
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7.
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8.
  • Andersson, Erik, et al. (författare)
  • A Randomized Controlled Trial of Guided Internet-delivered Cognitive Behavioral Therapy for Erectile Dysfunction
  • 2011
  • Ingår i: Journal of Sexual Medicine. - Wiley-Blackwell. - 1743-6095. ; 8:10, s. 2800-2809
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Introduction. Men with erectile dysfunction are often worried about their condition, have interpersonal difficulties, and have a reduced quality of life. Internet-delivered cognitive behavior therapy (ICBT) has been shown effective for a number of health problems but evidence is limited concerning the treatment of erectile dysfunction. less thanbrgreater than less thanbrgreater thanAim. The study investigated the effects of ICBT for erectile dysfunction. less thanbrgreater than less thanbrgreater thanMethods. Seventy-eight men were included in the study and randomized to either ICBT or to a control group, which was an online discussion group. Treatment consisted of a 7-week Web-based program with e-mail-based therapist support. Each therapist spent an average of 55 minutes per participant. less thanbrgreater than less thanbrgreater thanMain Outcome Measure. The International Index of Erectile Functioning five-item version was administered via the telephone at pretreatment, post-treatment, and 6 months after receiving ICBT. less thanbrgreater than less thanbrgreater thanResults. At post-treatment, the treatment group had significantly greater improvements with regard to erectile performance compared with the control group. Between-group differences at post-treatment were small (d = 0.1), but increased at the 6-month follow-up (d = 0.88). less thanbrgreater than less thanbrgreater thanConclusions. This study provides support for the use of ICBT as a possible treatment format for erectile dysfunction.
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9.
  • Andersson, Evelyn, et al. (författare)
  • Genetic polymorphisms in monoamine systems and outcome of cognitive behavior therapy for social anxiety disorder
  • 2013
  • Ingår i: PLoS ONE. - Public Library of Science. - 1932-6203. ; 8:11, s. e79015
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • OBJECTIVE: The role of genetics for predicting the response to cognitive behavior therapy (CBT) for social anxiety disorder (SAD) has only been studied in one previous investigation. The serotonin transporter (5-HTTLPR), the catechol-o-methyltransferase (COMT) val158met, and the tryptophan hydroxylase-2 (TPH2) G-703Tpolymorphisms are implicated in the regulation of amygdala reactivity and fear extinction and therefore might be of relevance for CBT outcome. The aim of the present study was to investigate if these three gene variants predicted response to CBT in a large sample of SAD patients.METHOD: Participants were recruited from two separate randomized controlled CBT trials (trial 1: n = 112, trial 2: n = 202). Genotyping were performed on DNA extracted from blood or saliva samples. Effects were analyzed at follow-up (6 or 12 months after treatment) for both groups and for each group separately at post-treatment. The main outcome measure was the Liebowitz Social Anxiety Scale Self-Report.RESULTS: At long-term follow-up, there was no effect of any genotype, or gene × gene interactions, on treatment response. In the subsamples, there was time by genotype interaction effects indicating an influence of the TPH2 G-703T-polymorphism on CBT short-term response, however the direction of the effect was not consistent across trials.CONCLUSIONS: None of the three gene variants, 5-HTTLPR, COMTval158met and TPH2 G-703T, was associated with long-term response to CBT for SAD. 
10.
  • Andersson, Gerhard, et al. (författare)
  • A 3.5-year follow-up of Internet-delivered cognitive behavior therapy for major depression
  • 2013
  • Ingår i: Journal of Mental Health. - London, UK : Informa Healthcare. - 0963-8237. ; 22:2, s. 155-164
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • BackgroundInternet-delivered cognitive behavior therapy (ICBT) for major depression has been tested in several trials, but only with follow-ups up to 1.5 years.AimThe aim of this study was to evaluate the outcome of ICBT 3.5 years after treatment completion.MethodsA total of 88 people with major depression were randomized to either guided self-help or e-mail therapy in the original trial. One-third was initially on a waiting-list. Treatment was provided for eight weeks and in this report long-term follow-up data were collected. Also included were data from post-treatment and six-month follow-up. A total of 58% (51/88) completed the 3.5-year follow-up. Analyses were performed using a random effects repeated measures piecewise growth model to estimate trajectory shape over time and account for missing data.ResultsResults showed continued lowered scores on the Beck Depression Inventory (BDI). No differences were found between the treatment conditions. A large proportion of participants (55%) had sought and received additional treatments in the follow-up period. A majority (56.9%) of participants had a BDI score lower than 10 at the 3.5-year follow-up.ConclusionsPeople with mild to moderate major depression may benefit from ICBT 3.5-years after treatment completion.
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