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Sökning: hsv:(SAMHÄLLSVETENSKAP) > Allwood Carl Martin 1952

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  • Allwood, Carl Martin, 1952- (författare)
  • Anthropology of knowledge.
  • 2013
  • Ingår i: In K. Keith (Ed.), The encyclopedia of cross-cultural psychology.. - Chichester, UK : John Wiley & Sons, Inc. - 9780470671269 ; (pp. 69–72)
  • Bokkapitel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The anthropology of knowledge (AoK) is a multi-disciplinary research orientation that deals with reproduction and change of human understanding in different types of social and cultural contexts. AoK sees understanding as located in a broad social naturalistic context and all types of understanding are studied: Western, non-Western, scientific, religious, and everyday. This is in contrast to much of the sociology of knowledge or science studies where mainly scientific or at least Western understanding is focused. Central disciplines in the AoK are social anthropology, psychology, and the cross-disciplinary research area of cognitive science. This text further describes the Anthropology of knowledge partly from the perspective of a specific concept of meaning that finds its intellectual neigbours in primarily in cognitive science but also in e.g., Gadamer's hermeneutics
  • Allwood, Carl Martin, 1952- (författare)
  • Decision making.
  • 2013
  • Ingår i: In K. Keith (Ed.), The encyclopedia of cross-cultural psychology. - Chichester, UK : John Wiley & Sons, Inc. - 9781118339893 ; (pp. 376–378)
  • Bokkapitel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The ability to make decisions is often assumed to be something that distinguishes humans from the rest of nature. Decision making occurs in many forms, and the decisionmaking task can be more or less complex, well-defined, and new to the decision maker. Moreover, decision making, in addition to actually choosing an alternative, usually includes constructing or activating decision alternatives. In this entry, taking a cross-cultural perspective on decision making, the focus is mainly on complex decision making.
  • Allwood, Carl Martin, 1952- (författare)
  • Diagnos av mentala förmågor i ett mångkulturellt samhälle.
  • 2009
  • Ingår i: I C.M. Allwood & P. Johnsson (red.), Mänskliga möten över gränser - Vård och social omsorg i det mångkulturella samhället LIBER. - Stockholm : Liber. - 9789147084678 ; 191 – 207
  • Bokkapitel (övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • Mänskliga möten över gränser - Vård och social omsorg i det mångkulturella samhället
  • 2009
  • Samlingsverk (redaktörskap) (övrigt vetenskapligt)abstract
    • I dag bor det i Sverige ca 1,4 miljoner människor som kommit hit från andra länder. De har alla olika bakgrund, kultur och historia. Många av dessa personer uppsöker medicinsk och psykologisk behandling eller social omsorg. Men både hos vårdgivare och t ex inom det svenska utbildningssystemet finns fortfarande kunskapsbrister om hur man på bästa sätt kan hjälpa och stödja personer med annan bakgrund än den traditionellt svenska. Mänskliga möten över gränser - Vård och social omsorg i det mångkulturella samhället försöker fylla några av dessa luckor. Boken erbjuder både teoretiska kunskaper och praktiska råd om hur vi kan möta dessa människor, över såväl kulturella som sociala och erfarenhetsmässiga gränser. Den skildrar många av de viktiga men ibland svåra frågor som kan uppstå när människor från andra kulturer, med andra erfarenheter och referensramar, möter det svenska samhället i allmänhet och vård och omsorg i synnerhet. Boken tar bland annat upp: - barn och vuxna i asylprocessen - posttraumatiska störningar hos flyktingar - smärtans psykologi och fysiologi - hedersrelaterat familjevåld - synen på sjukdomars orsak i olika kulturer - den svenska primärvårdens möte med invandrare - människans kognitiva förmågor i ett mångkulturellt samhälle, inklusive deras diagnos - psykoterapi och rådgivning till flyktingar - anpassning i ett mångkulturellt samhälle, främst i mötet mellan inflyttade och vården.
  • Zetterholm, Elisabeth, et al. (författare)
  • Earwitnesses: The effect of voice differences in identification accuracy and the realism in confidence judgments
  • 2009
  • Ingår i: I P. Branderud & H. Traunmüller (Eds.), Proceedings, FONETIK 2009, The XXIIth Swedish Phonetics Conference. ; s. 180-185
  • Konferensbidrag (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Individual characteristic features in voice and speech are important in earwitness identification. A target-absent lineup with six foils was used to analyze the influence of voice and speech features on recognition. The participants’ response for two voice foils were particularly successful in the sense that they were most often rejected. These voice foils were characterized by the features’ articulation rate and pitch in relation to the target voice. For the same two foils the participants as a collective also showed marked underconfidence and especially good ability to separate correct and incorrect identifications by means of their confidence judgments for their answers to the identification question. For the other four foils the participants showed very poor ability to separate correct from incorrect identification answers by means of their confidence judgments.
  • Allwood, Carl Martin, 1952- (författare)
  • On the issue of an appropriate culture concept for the indigenous psychologies and on the limits of philosophy.
  • 2014
  • Ingår i: Social Epistemology Review and Reply Collective. - 2471-9560. ; 3:3, s. 41-48
  • Tidskriftsartikel (övrigt vetenskapligt)abstract
    • In this rejoinder to Prof. Hwang in our debate about a suitable culture concept for the Indigenous psychologies (IPs) I argue that a culture concept that attends to the distribution of different kinds of understanding among the members of a society is more likely to be useful for the IPs, which strive to produce knowledge that is easily applicable to the context of the people where the research results are to be applied. I also, for various reasons, question the desirability of Prof. Hwang’s ambition to ground all IPs on one specific philosophical approach. One reason for this is that this would contradict a central part of the IPs general research program, namely that they should be based on the cultural understanding of the society that the specific IPs relates to. Furthermore, I, more in general, question the realism of attempting to construct one final, single philosophical ground for empirical research, given the complex and conceptually unbounded nature of reality.
  • Allwood, Carl Martin, 1952- (författare)
  • On the virtues of an empirically oriented culture concept and on the limitations of too general and abstract characterizations of understanding.
  • 2013
  • Ingår i: Social Epistemology Review and Reply Collective. - 2471-9560. ; 2:11, s. 54-61
  • Tidskriftsartikel (övrigt vetenskapligt)abstract
    • In this ongoing debate on how culture should be best understood and on what would be a suitable culture concept for the Indigenous psychologies (IPs), Prof. Hwang argues that cultures should be described in terms of deep-structures and that such a culture concept would help the IPs to produce knowledge that is easily applicable to their own societies. In contrast, I argue that a more empirically oriented concept of culture would be more useful in general, and for the IPs in particular, since it is more likely to better mirror the reality it aims to predict. Hwang seems to equate deep-structures with generative mechanisms, but obviously there can be other types of generative mechanisms than deep-structures as this concept is used by Hwang, including mechanisms involving less deep structures or even shallow structures. The problem with Prof. Hwang’s approach to culture and science is that it is very general and abstract. By this it risks being somewhat simplistic. In general, it attempts to explain too much and thereby may explain, or predict, very little. This is also evident in his classification of me as a naïve empiricist.
  • Allwood, Carl Martin, 1952- (författare)
  • The Qualitative - Quantitative research approach distinction.
  • 2013
  • Ingår i: In K. Keith (Ed.), The encyclopedia of cross-cultural psychology. - Chichester, UK : John Wiley & Sons, Inc. - 978-0-470-67126-9 ; (pp. 1067–1070).
  • Bokkapitel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The concept of qualitative research methodology developed during the last half of the twentieth century, and the distinction between qualitative and quantitative research appears to have followed as a consequence of this development. Other contrasts suggested earlier, such as Wilhelm Dilthey's distinction between the natural and the human sciences, might have functioned as a thought model for many authors promoting the distinction. Today, the distinction between qualitative and quantitative research is well entrenched, as evidenced, for example, in the organization of research methodology texts, book series, and courses on research methodology. The distinction often appears in the cultural and cross-cultural research context. For example, some writers have suggested that cultural psychology and the indigenous psychologies should be identified or associated with a qualitative approach and cross-cultural psychology with a quantitative approach. In this text the disctinction between qualitative and quantitative research as such is critiqued from various perspectives.
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