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Sökning: hsv:(SAMHÄLLSVETENSKAP) > Forskningsöversikt

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  • Stepanova, Olga, 1981-, et al. (författare)
  • The relevance of environmental conflict research for coastal management. A review of concepts, approaches and methods with a focus on Europe
  • 2013
  • Ingår i: Ocean and Coastal Management. - 0964-5691. ; 75, s. 20-32
  • Forskningsöversikt (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Analysis and resolution of coastal resource use conflicts have largely been neglected in coastal research, environmental policies and resource management strategies such as Integrated Coastal Zone Management (ICZM). We review theoretical approaches and empirical studies from European countries about environmental and natural resource use conflicts with the aim to clarify the requirements for developing interdisciplinary coastal conflict research as a component of sustainable coastal management. Issues of terminology, conceptual and methodological differences and requirements for analysing and solving resource use and management conflicts are addressed. Thereafter, possibilities of consolidation of the research field and the perspectives of future coastal conflict research are discussed – along with comparative studies of conflicts, conflict management, and integration of the knowledge of resource users. We conclude that the reviewed conflict concepts, typologies and approaches can be integrated and thus help to improve context-specific analysis of multi-scale coastal conflicts. Such conflicts are part of sustainable resource management that needs to deal with consequences of global environmental change, especially the rise in sea levels in coastal areas.
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  • Andersson, Elias, et al. (författare)
  • Gendered Agricultural Space and Safety: Towards Embodied, Situated Knowledge
  • 2014
  • Ingår i: Journal Of Agromedicine. - 1059-924X .- 1545-0813. ; 19:3, s. 303-315
  • Forskningsöversikt (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The changing conditions, technologies, and labor markets have shifted the gender division of labor on the farm. Women have taken on off-farm labor, but also increased their involvement in agriculture. The work and occupational risks of women have received less attention and are to great extent invisible. The spatial division between on-farm, off-farm, and domestic work is one contributing factor to the situation. The different situations and contexts of agriculture increase the need for knowledge regarding the processes and positions of farming. Through analyzing the literature on the topic, this study examined the gendered understanding of occupational health and safety in Western agriculture and how the embodied positions on the farm can affect women's exposure to risks and their knowledge about injury prevention. The findings are being discussed and framed in a dialogue with a gender theoretical framework, with the aim to produce a more comprehensive understanding of health and safety in agriculture through improving and refining methods. The review stresses the need of further gender research and the incorporation of qualitative methods, to increase the knowledge and understanding of the gendered relations, bodies, and situated knowledge of agricultural spaces.
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4.
  • Schömer, Eva (författare)
  • Personlig assistans - en arbetsrättslig limbo
  • 2017
  • Ingår i: Arbetsmarknad & arbetsliv. - Arbetsmarknadsstyrelsen och Arbetslivsinstitutet. - 1400-9692. ; 23:3, s. 24-24
  • Forskningsöversikt (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Artikeln belyser hur personliga assistenter upplever sin arbetsmiljö och vilka möjligheter de anser sig ha, att påverka sina arbetsförhållanden utifrån ett rättssociologiskt perspektiv. Författaren länkar personliga assistenters arbetslivserfarenheter med några av de juridiska förutsättningarna, som gäller vid arbete i annans hem. Syftet är att utveckla förståelsen för vadsom händer vid dessa möten, då människor och juridik korsar varandra på ett arbetsrättsligt område, som i det närmsta verkar befinna sig i ett slags arbetsrättsligt ingenmansland. I artikeln diskuteras bland annat hur brukares och assistenters intressen kan tillgodoses, utan att den enas rättigheter inte kränker den andres?
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  • Gårdfeldt, Gunilla, 1945-, et al. (författare)
  • Lucia möter Pajazzo Kvinnorollen och mansrollen i opera då och nu- redovisning av ett Konstnärligt utvecklingsprojekt
  • 2010
  • Ingår i: Föreställningar Högskolan för scen och musik 2010 12-14. ; Artisten oktober 2010
  • Forskningsöversikt (refereegranskat)abstract
    • För att ligga i framkant vid operautbildningen på Högskolan för scen och musik (HSM) behöver vi kontinuerligt komplettera synen på vår musikdramatiska interpretationsmetod och lösa upp genrehierarkier, inte minst för att kunna möta och vinna den nya generationens publik, ”de icke redan frälsta”. Ovanstående KU-projekt Lucia möter Pajazzo är en fristående fortsättning på de två konstnärliga KU-projekten En kvinnas många röster, 2008 samt En kvinnas möten, 2009. Dessa tre KU-projekt har med progression och fördjupning behandlat specifika frågeställningar i utvalda operascener med syfte att: - utveckla en genreöverskridande/genrelös sångteknik för att främja ett fungerande musikdramatiskt skådespeleri med texten i fokus - belysa könsmaktsordningen samt kvinnorollens och mansrollens försvar av det egna perspektivet samt problematisera offer- och förövarrollen
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7.
  • Zuiderent-Jerak, Teun (författare)
  • If Intervention Is Method, What Are We Learning? A Commentary on Brian Martin’s “STS and Researcher Intervention Strategies”
  • 2016
  • Ingår i: Engaging Science, Technology, and Society. - 2413-8053. ; 1:2, s. 73-82
  • Forskningsöversikt (övrigt vetenskapligt)abstract
    • In STS and Researcher Intervention Strategies, Brian Martin expresses his concern about the lack of strategic guidance STS offers for intervening in controversies in which actors are being marginalized. This is an interesting contrast with some classic critiques of Actor-Network Theory. Leigh Star famously argued that the over-emphasis of ANT on strategic  action made it particularly poorly equipped to study heterogeneity––an analytical and political problem at once. I argue that guidance on intervention as research method should actively resist the urge to make intervention “strategic.” Considering intervention as a scholarly method  for producing novel insights about our topics is diametrically opposed to considering intervention strategically , that is, as means to achieving predefined scholarly or normative goals. Drawing on previous, recent, and ongoing work on intervention as an equally non-strategic and nondetached method for developing new knowledge and new normativities, I explore how such work would speak to Martin’s challenge of intervening in controversies and what could be some interesting lessons such an experiment might spark. A strategic take on intervention is important for Martin because it challenges a linear model of STS knowledge production: scholars prioritizing the development of greater understanding of phenomena, hoping that such knowledge can then be beneficial for society later on. Approaching intervention as method, however, challenges problematic linear models of STS knowledge, not by inverting the linearity (from areas of social importance to knowledge production), but by extending non-linear scholarship to our own and others’ normativities. This allows STS scholars to take their concerns about the practices they are involved in seriously without violating their equal attachment to reflexivity, unpredictability, and situatedness. Such a prospect may help STS scholars to explore what it means to live the multiple membership of societally and academically concerned communities, which is what considering intervention strategically would make us lose.
8.
  • Ahlborg, Gunnar, 1948- (författare)
  • Physical work load and pregnancy outcome
  • 1995
  • Ingår i: J Occup Environ Med. - 1076-2752 (Print). ; 37:8, s. 941-4
  • Forskningsöversikt (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Pronounced physical exertion may influence intraabdominal pressure and uterine blood flow, hormonal balance, and nutritional status, all of which are important determinants of embryonic and fetal development and survival. Most of the epidemiologic evidence of reproductive effects from occupational physical activity concerns gestational age/premature birth, birth weight/intrauterine growth retardation, and spontaneous abortion. Strenuous work, especially when involving long hours of standing and walking, seems to increase the risk of preterm delivery. The effect on intrauterine growth and spontaneous abortion risk is less clear. As a single factor, heavy lifting has in most circumstances not been associated with a significantly increased risk of these outcomes. In general, heavy work duties should be avoided, and enough rest periods assured, especially in late pregnancy.
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9.
  • Ahlborg, Gunnar, 1948-, et al. (författare)
  • Reproductive effects of chemical exposures in health professions
  • 1995
  • Ingår i: J Occup Environ Med. - 1076-2752 (Print). ; 37:8, s. 957-61
  • Forskningsöversikt (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Numerous chemical substances are handled by persons working in the health care sector. At exposure levels that may occur in the occupational setting, some of these substances are potentially harmful to the reproductive processes. Among the potentially harmful substances are anesthetic gases, antineoplastic agents, and sterilants. The epidemiological evidence of increased risks for adverse reproductive effects (eg, subfertility, spontaneous abortions, congenital defects) from such exposure is not unequivocal. However, due to the toxic potential, exposures should be kept at a minimum, and this may be especially important for workers who are pregnant or are planning to achieve pregnancy.
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