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Sökning: hsv:(SAMHÄLLSVETENSKAP) > Röda Korsets Högskola

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  • Users in Action. Stories of Users and Telematics in Everyday Life
  • 1999
  • Samlingsverk (redaktörskap) (övrigt vetenskapligt)abstract
    • Detta är en antologi som består av exempel på empiriska studier där äldre människors varit involverade som subjekt. Resultatet visar att äldres teknikanvändning i vardagen problematiseras på tre nivåer. den första nivån fokuserar konstruktionen och utformningen av artefakten; den andra nivån användningen av tekniken i den vardagliga kontexten; den tredje nivån relationen mellan teknikutvecklingen och användaren som samhällsvarelse.
  • Andersson, Ann-Christine, 1968-, et al. (författare)
  • Two Different Strategies to Facilitate Involvement in Healthcare Improvements : A Swedish County Council Initiative
  • 2014
  • Ingår i: Global Advances in Health and Medicine. - 2164-957X. ; 3:5, s. 22-28
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Background: From a management point of view, there are many different approaches from which to choose to engage staff members in initiatives to improve performance.Objective: The present study evaluated how two different types of improvement strategies facilitate and encourage involvement of different professional groups in health-care organizations.Methods/Design: Empirical data of two different types of strategies were collected within an improvement project in a County Council in Sweden. The data analysis was carried out through classifying the participants' profession, position, gender, and the organizational administration of which they were a part, in relation to their participation.Setting: An improvement project in a County Council in Sweden.Participants: Designed Improvement Processes consisted of n=105 teams and Intrapreneurship Projects of n=202 projects.Intervention: Two different types of improvement strategies, Designed Improvement Processes and Intrapreneurship Projects.Main Outcome Measures: How two different types of improvement strategies facilitate and encourage involvement of different professional groups in healthcare organizations.Results: Nurses were the largest group participating in both improvement initiatives. Physicians were also well represented, although they seemed to prefer the less structured Intrapreneurship Projects approach. Assistant nurses, being the second largest staff group, were poorly represented in both initiatives. This indicates that the benefits and support for one group may push another group aside.Conclusions: Managers need to give prerequisites and incentives for staff who do not participate in improvements to do so. Comparisons of different types of improvement initiatives are an underused research strategy that yields interesting and thoughtful results.  
  • Jonsson, Oskar, et al. (författare)
  • Furniture in Swedish Nursing Homes : A Design Perspective on Perceived Meanings within the Physical Environment
  • 2014
  • Ingår i: Journal of Interior Design. - Wiley-Blackwell. - 1071-7641. ; 39:2, s. 17-35
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • There are good reasons to believe that furniture designers can play an important role in the design of appropriate caring environments and thus contribute to the care that is provided. Designers are usually engaged by manufacturers that develop furniture for public procurement and a market for elderly consumers but often do not learn from those who spend their everyday lives in these environments. This paper is based on industrial design and presents a study that explores the relationships between people and furniture in nursing homes. Thematic interviews were carried out with residents and personnel, in total 21 participants. The study was carried out in three nursing homes in Stockholm. The results suggest that elderly people strive for a sense of home in their private rooms in contrast to shared rooms and that the perspectives on furniture differ between the elderly people and the personnel. The conclusion is that understanding the role of furniture at nursing homes can help to reinforce the identity of elderly residents and their needs of continuity, socialization and existential safety. The recommendations are to involve the experiences of elderly people in the design processes and to make more informed furniture investment decisions for nursing homes.
  • Östlund, Britt (författare)
  • Design och diakoni
  • 2007
  • Ingår i: Svensk kyrkotidning. - 0346-2153. ; :34/25, s. 415-417
  • Tidskriftsartikel (populärvet., debatt m.m.)
  • Eriksson, Henrik, et al. (författare)
  • Virtual Invisible Men : Privacy and invisibility as forms of privilege in online venues for fathers during early parenthood
  • 2014
  • Ingår i: Culture, Society and Masculinities. - Men's Studies Press. - 1941-5583. ; 6:1, s. 52-68
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Given the proliferation of support technology for men entering parenthood in virtual forums this project’s aim was to explore a virtual forum exclusively for fathers and elaborate on gendered questions for men’s parenthood within that milieu. An archival forum study was undertaken using principles for nethnography. The categories presented in the results overall indicate that the online venue creates a privileged invisibility from experiences in “real life” gender relations. This suggests that both horizontal and vertical homo-social dimensions are present in the forum support/negotiations which occur among the forum posters, whereby issues of invisibility and entitlement in some cases take a central position. We suggest that being virtual invisible men entails participation in both a marketplace of opinions and a homo-social competition.
  • Sandberg, Jonas, et al. (författare)
  • Makt, genus och identitet
  • 2013
  • Ingår i: Palliativ vård : Begrepp & perspektiv i teori och praktik. - Lund : Studentlitteratur. - 978-91-44-07096-4 ; s. 61-69
  • Bokkapitel (övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • Andersson, Ann-Christine, et al. (författare)
  • Five Types of Practice-Based ImprovementIdeas in Health Care Services: : An EmpiricallyDefined Typology
  • 2011
  • Ingår i: Quality Management in Health Care. - 1063-8628. ; 20:2, s. 122-130
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The aim of this study is to empirically identify and present different kinds of practice-based improvement ideas developed in health care services. The focus is on individual placement needs, problems/issues, and the ability to organize work on the development, implementation, and institutionalization of ideas for the health care sector. This study is based on a Swedish county council improvement program. Health care departments and primary health care centers in the Kalmar County Council were invited to apply for money to accomplish improvement projects. A qualitative content analysis was done of 183 proposed applications from various health care departments and primary health care centers. The following 5 types of improvement projects were identified: organizational process, evidence and quality, competence development, process technology, and proactive patient work. This illustrates the range of strategies that encourage letting individual units define their own improvement needs. These projects point to the various problems and experiences health care professionals encounter in their day-to-day work. To generalize beyond this improvement program and to validate the typology, we applied it to all articles found when searching for quality improvement projects in the journal Quality Management in Health Care during the last 2 years and found that all of them could be fitted into at least 1 of those 5 categories. This article provides valuable insights into the current state of improvemen  work in Swedish health care, and will serve as a foundation for further investigations in this quality improvement program.
  • Langius-Eklöf, Ann, et al. (författare)
  • Sense of coherence and psychiatric morbidity in terms of anxiety and depression in patients with major depression before and after electric convulsive treatment
  • 2009
  • Ingår i: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences. - Oxford : Wiley-Blackwell. - 0283-9318. ; 23:2, s. 375-379
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The specific aim of this study was to explore if the Sense of Coherence (SOC) Scale reflects and overlaps with standardized psychiatric assessments of depression and anxiety leading to the main hypothesis that the degree of depression decreases while the SOC scores remain stable. Fifteen patients with a diagnosis of major depression according to Axis I in DSM-IV and planned electric convulsive treatment (ECT) participated in the study. The clinician-rated instruments, Montgomery Asberg Depression Rating Scale (MADRS) and Global Assessment of Function (GAF), and the self-assessment instruments such as SOC and the Comprehensive Psychopathological Rating Scale-Self Rating Scale for Affective Syndromes (CPRS-S-A) were used before and after the treatment. The patients showed statistically significant improvements in clinician-rated depression (p < 0.001) and functional status (p < 0.001), and in self-rated anxiety (p = 0.001) and depression (p = 0.003). There was no significant improvement in SOC (p = 0.213). No significant correlations were found between the SOC scores and any of the measures except for GAF after treatment (r = 0.57, p = 0.039); the lower the SOC scores the greater was the functional dysfunction. In conclusion, the SOC Scale seems not to be a measure of psychopathology in terms of depression or anxiety merely.
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