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Sökning: hsv:(SAMHÄLLSVETENSKAP) > Högskolan Kristianstad

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  • Sepp, Hanna (författare)
  • Måltidspedagogik : mat- och måltidskunskap i förskolan
  • 2013
  • Bok (övrigt vetenskapligt)abstract
    • Maten och måltidens roll på förskolan har skiftat genom åren och har alltid haft en central del i förskolans verksamhet. Förskollärare förväntas ha kunskaper i allt från betydelsen av god hygien, till sin egen roll som förebild vid måltiderna. De förväntas dessutom ha kunskaper kring bra mat för barn och får ofta frågor från föräldrarna kring mat och måltider. Boken är tänkt att fungera som bakgrund, inspiration och stöd till alla förskollärare i arbetet med mat och måltider i förskolan. Utgångspunkten är lärande om och med mat och måltider med grund i såväl mat- och måltids­kunskap och pedagogik som läroplanen för förskolan och de nationella folkhälsomålen.Boken omfattar två delar. Första delen vilar på disciplinerna i mat- och måltidskunskap i förskolan, medan den andra delen presenterar praktiska tillämpningar, övningar och exempel på hur personalen kan arbeta med mat och måltider. Innehållet i boken är mat- och måltidskunskap som omfattar matkultur och kommunikation, livsmedelsvetenskap samt näring och hälsa där kreativitet, hantverk och vetenskap går hand i hand kopplat till barn och verksamheten i förskolan.Syftet med boken är att lyfta maten och måltidens roll i den pedagogiska verksamheten på förskolan samt att öka kunskapen kring mat och hälsa.Boken vänder sig särskilt till lärare och barnskötare i förskolan, föräldrar och alla andra som är intresserade av barn och mat.
  • Carlsson, M, et al. (författare)
  • The oldest old : patterns of adjustment and dependence
  • 1991
  • Ingår i: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences. - 0283-9318. ; 5:2, s. 93-100
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The aim of the present study was to investigate how dependence was experienced by 129 non-institutionalized 85-year-old persons, who previously had been categorized into seven different patterns of adjustment. The participants' subjective experiences of dependence were expressed in in-depth interviews and additionally, mobility, self-maintenance and need of help in daily living was conventionally assessed. When the results from these two methods were compared, it was found that subjectively experienced dependence did not generally correspond with the scorings on dependence. The in-depth interviews revealed that subjects with poorer adjustment could be most affected by minor impairments, while physical impairments were of a subordinate importance to those who were better adjusted. For appropriate caring interventions, it is therefore suggested that conventionally assessed dependence needs to be supplemented with documented subjective experiences of dependence.
  • Carlsson, Margareta, et al. (författare)
  • The oldest old : patterns of adjustment and life experiences
  • 1991
  • Ingår i: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences. - 0283-9318. ; 5:4, s. 203-210
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • A qualitative method was used to study the life experiences and the adjustment to very old age of a non-institutionalized population of 129 85-year-olds living in Gothenburg, Sweden. In-depth interviews were analyzed and categorized and seven patterns of adjustment emerged: Self-Realizing, Mature Aging, Adapting, Dependent, Resignedly Accepting, Despairing and Withdrawing. Additionally, a coping strategy—ritualization of time and occupations—was revealed in the interviews. These results reflect the heterogeneity among this age group and indicate that the subjective reality should be seriously considered both in further research and in the care of the elderly.
  • Borglin, Gunilla, et al. (författare)
  • The experience of quality of life among older people
  • 2005
  • Ingår i: Journal of Aging Studies. - Elsevier. - 0890-4065. ; 19:2, s. 201-220
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Although quality of life has been in the focus of attention for over a decade there are few studies available investigating, how the old and the oldest old experience their quality of life or what quality of life actually means for them? To illuminate this, eleven in-depth interviews were conducted with six women and five men (80+) living in their home. An interpretative hermeneutic phenomenological analysis revealed that quality of life in old age meant a preserved self and meaning in existence. Maintained self-image meant that the older people experienced a coherent life with an intact meaning. How quality of life was valued depended on the meaning the old people attached to the areas of importance as well as how they were evaluated. Additionally, areas not generally included when measuring quality of life became discernible. The meaning of home, how life was viewed, thoughts about death and dying, and telling ones story proved to be areas of importance for their perception of quality of life. Thus, indicating that older people's view of quality of life is more complex than some of today's most commonly used quality of life instruments capture and that quality of life assessment tools needs to measure beyond pure health indices. For nursing care the use of life review in everyday care, and an open way towards existential topics as well as a family oriented care along with preventive work helping people to remain in their own homes may enhance their experience of quality of life.
  • Brunosson, Albina, 1986-, et al. (författare)
  • To use a recipe – not a piece of cake : students with mild intellectual disabilities’ use of recipes in home economics
  • 2014
  • Ingår i: International Journal of Consumer Studies. - 1470-6423. ; 38:4, s. 412-418
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Recipes are not only part of today's cooking culture, they are also part of the Swedish syllabus of home economics. The aim of this study was to investigate what kinds of difficulties students with mild intellectual disabilities have using recipes during cooking lessons in home economics. We conducted an ethnographically inspired approach, with a total of 44 h of accompanying observations. Three compulsory schools for students with intellectual disabilities were enrolled in the study, and 37 students and three teachers were included. The socio-cultural theory of learning has been used as a theoretical framework. The findings reveal both that recipes are central artefacts during the cooking lessons and that the students have various difficulties using the recipes. The difficulties vary, and they concern both how the recipes are designed and the purport of the recipes. Difficulties in relation to the design included, for example, the separation of ingredients and instructions in the text and the large amount of information given in both the whole and the parts of the recipes. The difficulties in relation to the purport – that is, the meaning or sense of the recipe – were the ingredients, the kitchen utensils and the knowledge of how to perform a specific task. These difficulties can be considered special in relation to the use of the recipes. We suggest the concept of ‘recipe literacy’ to capture the complex knowledge of using recipes.
  • Cappelen, Birgitta, 1962-, et al. (författare)
  • Design for co-creation with interactive montage
  • 2011
  • Ingår i: Proceedings, 4th Nordic Design Research Conference, Nordes2011, School of Art and Design, Aalto University, Helsinki, Finland
May 29th - June 1st, 2011 : Making Design Matter.
  • Konferensbidrag (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Montage in cinema means to mount images andsounds from different sources, that are interpreted together and whose oppositions drive the storyfurther. In this paper we develop the montage concept further for co-creation in interactive, tactile, spatial cross-media. As case we use the design of the interactive, tangible, cross-media installation ORFI. ORFI is developed to facilitate collaboration and co-creation between children with severe disabilities and their care persons. In this paper we focus on how we have designed for interactive montage. We present two main types of interactive montage, close and shifted in three dimensions (spatial, temporal and actorial). With the first we mean spatial and temporal closeness, depending on the roles users take and the interpretations they make. With shifted we mean how to use spatial and temporal shifting and distance between the media elements in space and over time, depending on the users’ roles and interpretations. All this to encourage co-creation over time, between a variety of users in different situations.
  • Cappelen, Birgitta, 1962-, et al. (författare)
  • From designing objects to designing fields : from control to freedom
  • 2003
  • Ingår i: Digital Creativity. - 1462-6268. ; 14:2, s. 74-90
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • In this paper we want to explore Field as a concept and as a metaphor for understanding interactive systems. By interactive systems we mean both systems and artworks, where the user by interacting changes the course of events. We intend to show why we need new terms and why we consider Field to be a fruitful concept and term. Further we will show how the Field concept changes both our understanding of what we do as designers and composers and how we acknowledge our audience. We will exemplify the design consequences of the Field concept by going through some design considerations we made when designing the audio tactile installation Mufi.
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