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Sökning: LAR1:lu > Italienska

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  • Bardel, Camilla (författare)
  • La negazione nell'italiano degli svedesi : sequenze acquisizionai e influssi translinguistici
  • 2000
  • Doktorsavhandling (övrigt vetenskapligt)abstract
    • This thesis concerns the development of negation in the Italian L2 of a group of Swedish adults who live in Italy and acquire the language by formal and spontaneous learning. Various negative expressions and the verbal system were studied in a longitudinal analysis of a corpus with 29 recordings of seven subjects. The recordings consist mainly of spontaneous dialogue. While the development of the verb morphology turned out to be rather similar in all the subjects, the placement of negation developed differently among individuals. Contrary to what may be expected, five of the subjects tended to place negation postverbally, a position which rarely appears in the target language and in other observed L2 learners of Italian. In the L1 (Swedish) negation is placed after the finite verb in main clauses. The postverbal negation appeared mostly with the verbs essere (be) and avere (have), which is a typical distinction of verb types found in many L2 learners of target languages with postverbal negation, and indicates that the negative particle is placed before lexical and after functional elements. This could be explained with the tendency found in early stages of L2 acquisition to place negation immediately before the element it primarily operates on (i.e. semantic focus, according to our analysis). The results show that there is no obvious relation between finiteness and the preverbal negation of the target language in the subjects. Instead, there seems to be a relation between the first indications of finiteness in non lexical (thematic) verbs and postverbal negation. An alternative development was found in a learner who had studied French before coming into contact with Italian. In order to test a hypothesis of cross-linguistic influence from previously studied languages, a cross-sectional study was carried out on a group of Swedish high school students. All the students who had studied French or Spanish before Italian had easier access to the preverbal position of negation, present in Romance languages, than the students who had studied German. According to the results, the general developmental sequences found in learners of languages with postverbal negation can also be found in learners of a language with preverbal negation if the L1 has postverbal negation. In addition, transfer from previously studied languages seems to interact with more general principles of development.
  • Beccalli, Bianca, et al. (författare)
  • Conversazione con Bianca Beccalli. Genere, lavoro, rappresentanza e politiche pubbliche
  • 2018
  • Ingår i: Sociologia del Lavoro. - Franco Angeli Edizioni. - 0392-5048. ; 149, s. 167-181
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The paper’s title evokes a conversation; in fact it has been constructed like a joint revisitation of Bianca Beccalli’s forty years work on labour, gender, and politics, reconsidering old challenges and facing emergent ones. The paper deals with two levels of analysis: a historical and sociological interpretation of social movements, work, and politics on the one side, while dealing on the other side with the parallel development of concepts and categories. The two levels intertwine since theories emerged out of the influence of historical developments. But they also had some influence on the course of events, as it often happens in social sciences: equality versus difference, sex and gender, the definition of justice, equal opportunities, and capabilities are good example of the continuing interface between historical facts and conceptual categories. At the end, the authors consider the 2017 mobilisation around the international women workers’ day of the 8th of March, which involve different types of working and non-working women bringing up new issues and new forms of collective actions.
  • Beccalli, Bianca, et al. (författare)
  • Donne e sindacati, una relazione in crisi? Storia e sviluppi in Italia
  • 2017
  • Ingår i: Quaderni di Rassegna Sindacale. Lavori. - Edisse. - 1590-9689. ; 18:2, s. 171-188
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Many analyses and debates developed in the last decades around trade unions’ revitalisation, pointing to different national traditions in the varieties of capitalism. Gender equality adds a new perspective to these debates, showing that women can be a crucial test for, and an instrument of, trade union revitalisation. In the current situation in Italy, what are the main challenges facing working women and involving trade unions? And which resources may be available from the Italian historical tradition? The atypical workers are today what the unskilled workers were in the 20th century, a test for the unions’ ability to represent a growing underprivileged workforce, in which women are a relevant part. Women’s protection has developed in Italy through collective bargaining since the action for equal pay in the past and, recently, for the «reconciliation» of work and family obligations. Italian trade unions lack a comprehensive policy for working women, they need to improve the protection and the promotion of women in the labour market and in society, where especially young women, despite their high credentials, are faced with increasing dilemmas about their work and family life. We shall hold that to address these issues is an important challenge for Italian trade unions revitalisation: it would involve gendering the trade unions agenda and mainstreaming their gender issues; it would involve renewing organizational practices and gender relations inside the unions; it would involve combining labour market policies with community and welfare state policies. Despite the growing numbers of women workers, we observe an enduring vertical and horizontal segregation that makes representation difficult.
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