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Sökning: LAR1:lu > Italienska

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  • Bardel, Camilla (författare)
  • La negazione nell'italiano degli svedesi : sequenze acquisizionai e influssi translinguistici
  • 2000
  • Doktorsavhandling (övrigt vetenskapligt)abstract
    • This thesis concerns the development of negation in the Italian L2 of a group of Swedish adults who live in Italy and acquire the language by formal and spontaneous learning. Various negative expressions and the verbal system were studied in a longitudinal analysis of a corpus with 29 recordings of seven subjects. The recordings consist mainly of spontaneous dialogue. While the development of the verb morphology turned out to be rather similar in all the subjects, the placement of negation developed differently among individuals. Contrary to what may be expected, five of the subjects tended to place negation postverbally, a position which rarely appears in the target language and in other observed L2 learners of Italian. In the L1 (Swedish) negation is placed after the finite verb in main clauses. The postverbal negation appeared mostly with the verbs essere (be) and avere (have), which is a typical distinction of verb types found in many L2 learners of target languages with postverbal negation, and indicates that the negative particle is placed before lexical and after functional elements. This could be explained with the tendency found in early stages of L2 acquisition to place negation immediately before the element it primarily operates on (i.e. semantic focus, according to our analysis). The results show that there is no obvious relation between finiteness and the preverbal negation of the target language in the subjects. Instead, there seems to be a relation between the first indications of finiteness in non lexical (thematic) verbs and postverbal negation. An alternative development was found in a learner who had studied French before coming into contact with Italian. In order to test a hypothesis of cross-linguistic influence from previously studied languages, a cross-sectional study was carried out on a group of Swedish high school students. All the students who had studied French or Spanish before Italian had easier access to the preverbal position of negation, present in Romance languages, than the students who had studied German. According to the results, the general developmental sequences found in learners of languages with postverbal negation can also be found in learners of a language with preverbal negation if the L1 has postverbal negation. In addition, transfer from previously studied languages seems to interact with more general principles of development.
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  • Beccalli, Bianca, et al. (författare)
  • Varietà delle forme di rappresentanza di cittadini e lavoratori: verso un’analisi internazionale e comparata.
  • 2014
  • Ingår i: Quaderni di Rassegna Sindacale. Lavori. - Edisse. - 1590-9689. ; 15:1, s. 11-25
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The purpose of this paper is to analyse the recent changes in the forms of representation of workers and citizens in a historical and comparative perspective. The issue of exclusion from representation has been important for a long time among social scientists both with reference to citizen’s rights and to trade union coverage of insiders and outsiders. This issue became more important in the recent years of economic crisis. In the course of time and especially since the end of the XXth century the forms of representation of workers have been changing and the mixing of the issues of workers and citizens representation has become more complex. A variety of representation’s forms has emerged which recalls those of the XIXth century rather than the established form of representation of the XXth. If this is true, it can be useful to “look back to see (better) forward”. This article aims at contributing to new stream of literature which can be christened Varieties of Representation with an explicit reference to the well know literature on the Varieties of Capitalism.
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  • Bernardini, Petra, et al. (författare)
  • Acquisition, variation, change: On the definite article and kinship nouns in Italian
  • 2006
  • Annan publikation (övrigt vetenskapligt)abstract
    • This paper treets the acquisition, variation and historical change in the use of the article with kinship names in Italian, or more precisely, the Florentine variety of Italian. The development in acquisition data and historical texts is compared regarding the use of the definitive article together with kinship nouns. The children studied in this paper classify DPs in non-target-like ways apparently following semantic criteria such as inalienability, uniqueness, or familiarity. On the basis of such categories, children spontaneously create noun classes distinguished by precise morpho-syntactic properties. The development of morphological definiteness in these children seems to be guided by the subsequent appearance of deixis and number: a target-like usage of the article is reached only when the features person and plural are in place in the children’s productions. Person and plural are the very two categories that are known to correlate with morphological definiteness on kinship nouns in modern Italian dialects, as well as in the 14th century Florentine data. Hence, the origins of dialectal variation and historical change lies in child language.
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  • Bernardini, Petra, et al. (författare)
  • Collettivi, nomi
  • 2010
  • Ingår i: Il vocabolario Treccani : Enciclopedia dell'italiano. Istituto della Enciclopedia Italiana. - Istituto della Enciclopedia italiana. - 9788812000401 ; 1: A-L, s. 227-229
  • Bokkapitel (övrigt vetenskapligt)
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