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Sökning: LAR1:lu > Sophiahemmet Högskola

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1.
  • Axelsson, Lena, et al. (författare)
  • Unmet Palliative Care Needs Among Patients With End-Stage Kidney Disease : A National Registry Study About the Last Week of Life
  • 2018
  • Ingår i: Journal of Pain and Symptom Management. - Elsevier. - 0885-3924. ; 55:2, s. 236-244
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Context: End-stage kidney disease (ESKD) is characterized by high physical and psychological burden, and therefore, more knowledge about the palliative care provided close to death is needed. Objectives: To describe symptom prevalence, relief, and management during the last week of life, as well as end-of-life communication, in patients with ESKD. Methods: This study was based on data from the Swedish Register of Palliative Care. Patients aged 18 or older who died from a chronic kidney disease, with or without dialysis treatment (International Classification of Diseases, Tenth Revision, Sweden; N18.5 or N18.9), during 2011 and 2012 were selected. Results: About 472 patients were included. Of six predefined symptoms, pain was the most prevalent (69%), followed by respiratory secretion (46%), anxiety (41%), confusion (30%), shortness of breath (22%), and nausea (17%). Of patients with pain and/or anxiety, 32% and 44%, respectively, were only partly relieved or not relieved at all. Of patients with the other symptoms, a majority (55%-84%) were partly relieved or not relieved at all. End-of-life discussions were reported in 41% of patients and 71% of families. A minority died in specialized palliative care: 8% in hospice/inpatient palliative care and 5% in palliative home care. Of all patients, 19% died alone. Bereavement support was offered to 38% of families. Conclusion: Even if death is expected, most patients dying with ESKD had unmet palliative care needs regarding symptom management, advance care planning, and bereavement support.
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2.
  • Beck, Ingela, 1965-, et al. (författare)
  • Translation and cultural adaptation of the Integrated Palliative care Outcome Scale including cognitive interviewing with patients and staff
  • 2017
  • Ingår i: BMC Palliative Care. - BioMed Central. - 1472-684X. ; 16:1
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Background: To expand our clinical and scientific knowledge about holistic outcomes within palliative care, there is a need for agreed-upon patient-reported outcome measures. These patient-reported outcome measures then require translation and cultural adaptation, either from country-specific languages to English, or the other way around. The aim of this study was to translate and cross-culturally adapt the Integrated Palliative care Outcome Scale (IPOS) to the Swedish care context. Methods: Swedish versions of IPOS Patient and IPOS Staff were developed and culturally adapted using recommended guidelines including cognitive interviews with patients (n = 13) and staff (n = 15) from different care contexts including general and specialised palliative care. Results: The comprehension and judgement difficulties identified in the pre-final patient and staff versions were successfully solved during the cognitive interviewing process. IPOS was well accepted by both patients and staff, none of the questions were experienced as inappropriate, and all questions were judged important. Conclusions: In this study, we translated and culturally adapted the patient and staff versions of IPOS, and demonstrated face and content validity and acceptability of the scale through cognitive interviewing with patients and staff within residential care facility, surgical and specialised palliative home care units. Cognitive interviewing in parallel with patients and staff in rounds, with tentative analysis in between, was a suitable method for identifying and solving challenges with comprehension and evaluation in the pre-final version of IPOS. The Swedish IPOS is now available for use in a variety of clinical care settings.
3.
  • Butler, Eile, et al. (författare)
  • A pilot study investigating lactic acid bacterial symbionts from the honeybee in inhibiting human chronic wound pathogens.
  • 2016
  • Ingår i: International Wound Journal. - Wiley-Blackwell. - 1742-481X. ; 13:5, s. 729-737
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Treatment and management of chronic wounds is a large burden on the health sector and causes substantial suffering for the patients. We believe that 13 lactic acid bacteria (LAB) symbionts isolated from the honey crop of the honeybee are important players in the antimicrobial action of honey, by producing antimicrobial substances and can be used in combination with heather honey as an effective treatment in wound management. A total of 22 patients with chronic ulcers were included; culture-dependent and molecular-based (MALDI-MS and 16S rRNA gene sequencing) techniques were used to identify bacteria from chronic wounds. These clinical isolates were used for in vitro antimicrobial testing with standardised viable LAB and sterilised heather honey mixture. Twenty of the patients' wounds were polymicrobial and 42 different species were isolated. Patient isolates that were tested in vitro were inhibited by the LAB and honey combination with inhibitory zones comparable with different antibiotics. LAB and heather honey in combination presents a new topical option in chronic wound management because of the healing properties of honey, antimicrobial metabolite production from the LAB and their bactericidal effect on common chronic wound pathogens. This new treatment may be a stepping stone towards an alternative solution to antibiotics.
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4.
  • Bylund Grenklo, Tove, et al. (författare)
  • Communication and Trust in the Care Provided to a Dying Parent: A Nationwide Study of Cancer-Bereaved Youths.
  • 2013
  • Ingår i: Journal of Clinical Oncology. - American Society of Clinical Oncology. - 1527-7755.
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • PURPOSETo assess children's trust in the care provided to a dying parent during the final week of life in relation to end-of-life medical information about disease, treatment, and death. METHODSThis nationwide population-based survey included 622 (73%) of 851 youths who, 6 to 9 years earlier, at age 13 to 16 years, lost a parent to cancer. We asked about the children's reception of end-of-life professional information and trust in the care provided. We also asked about depression and several potential risk factors of distrust in the care provided.ResultsA majority (82%) reported moderate/very much trust in the care provided. Compared with children who received end-of-life medical information before their loss, the risk of distrust in the care provided was higher in those who received no information (risk ratio [RR], 2.5; 95% CI, 1.5 to 4.1), in those who only received information afterward (RR, 3.2; 95% CI, 1.7 to 5.9), and in those who did not know or remember if end-of-life medical information was provided (RR, 1.7; 95% CI, 1.1 to 2.5). Those reporting distrust in the care provided had an RR of 2.3 (95% CI, 1.5 to 3.5) for depression. Furthermore, the risk of distrust in the care provided was higher among children reporting poor efforts to cure (RR, 5.1; 95% CI, 3.6 to 7.3), and/or a poor relationship with the surviving parent (RR, 2.9; 95% CI, 2.0 to 4.1). CONCLUSIONOur study suggests that children's trust in the care provided to a dying parent was highest when they received end-of-life medical information before their loss.
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5.
  • Bylund Grenklo, Tove, et al. (författare)
  • Self-injury in youths who lost a parent to cancer: nationwide study of the impact of family-related and health-care-related factors
  • 2014
  • Ingår i: Psycho-Oncology. - John Wiley & Sons. - 1099-1611. ; 23:9, s. 989-997
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Background: Self-injury, a manifestation of severe psychological distress, is increased in cancer-bereaved youths. Little is known about the potential influence on the risk for self-injury of factors that could be clinically relevant to and modifiable by the health-care professionals involved in the care of the dying parent. Methods: In a nationwide population-based anonymous study, 622 (73.1%) youths (aged 18-26) who, 6 to 9 years earlier at ages 13 to 16, had lost a parent to cancer answered study-specific questions about self-injury and factors related to the family and parental health care. Results: Univariable analyses showed that the risk for self-injury was increased among cancer-bereaved youths who reported poor family cohesion the years before (relative risk [RR], 3.4, 95% confidence interval [CI], 2.5-4.6) and after the loss (RR, 3.3, 95% CI, 2.4-4.4), distrust in the health care provided to the dying parent (RR, 1.7, 95% CI, 1.2-2.4), perceiving poor health-care efforts to cure the parent (RR 1.5, 95% CI, 1.1-2.1) and poor efforts to prevent suffering (RR, 1.6, 95% CI, 1.1-2.4), that at least one of their parents had been depressed or had troubles in life (RR, 1.5, CI, 1.1-2.1) and believing 3 days before the loss that the treatment would probably cure the parent (RR, 1.6, CI, 1.1-2.3). In the total multivariable models, only poor family cohesion before and after the loss remained statistically significantly associated with self-injury. Conclusion: Poor family cohesion before and after the loss of a parent to cancer is associated with an increased risk of self-injury in teenage children. Copyright (C) 2014 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
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6.
  • Erlandsson, Kerstin, et al. (författare)
  • Mothers' experiences of the time after the diagnosis of an intrauterine death until the induction of the delivery : a qualitative Internet-based study
  • 2011
  • Ingår i: Journal of obstetrics and gynaecology research. - 1341-8076. ; 37:11, s. 1677-84
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • AIM: This study aims to describe how mothers spend the period of time between being diagnosed with a dead baby in utero and the induction of the delivery.MATERIAL AND METHODS: Data were collected using a web questionnaire. Five hundred and fifteen women who had experienced a stillbirth after the 22nd week of gestation answered the open question: 'What did you do between the diagnosis of the child's death and the beginning of the delivery?' A qualitative content analysis method was used.RESULTS: The results show that some mothers received help to adapt to the situation, while for others, waiting for the induction meant further stress and additional psychological trauma in an already strained situation.CONCLUSION: There is no reason to wait with the induction unless the parents themselves express a wish to the contrary. Health care professionals, together with the parents, should try to determine the best time for the induction of the birth after the baby's death in utero. That time may vary, depending on the parents' preferences.
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7.
  • Erlandsson, Kerstin, et al. (författare)
  • Women's' premonitions prior to the death of their baby in utero and how they deal with the feeling that their baby may be unwell.
  • 2012
  • Ingår i: Acta Obstetricia et Gynecologica Scandinavica. - Wiley-Blackwell. - 1600-0412. ; 91:1, s. 28-33
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Objective. To identify if mothers to stillborn babies had had a premonition that their unborn child might not be well and how they dealt with that premonition. Design. A mixed method approach. Setting: 1 034 women answered a web questionnaire. Sample: 614 women fulfilled the inclusion criteria of having a stillbirth after the 22(nd) gestational week and answered questions about premonition. Methods. Qualitative content analysis was used for the open questions and descriptive statistics for questions with fixed alternatives. Main Outcome.Measure: The premonition of an unwell unborn baby. Results. In all 392/614 (64%) of the women had had a premonition that their unborn baby might be unwell; 274/614 (70%) contacted their clinic and were invited to come in for a check-up, but by then it was too late as the baby was already dead. A further 88/614 (22%) decided to wait until their next routine check-up, believing that the symptoms were part of the normal cycle of pregnancy, and that the fetus would move less towards the end of a pregnancy. Thirty women (8%) contacted their clinic, but were told that everything appeared normal without an examination of the baby. Conclusion. Women need to know that a decrease in fetal movements is an important indicator of their unborn baby´s health. Health care professionals should not delay an examination if a mother-to-be is worried of her unborn baby´s wellbeing.
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8.
  • Holm, Maja, et al. (författare)
  • Recruiting participants to a randomized controlled trial testing an intervention in palliative cancer care – The perspectives of health care professionals
  • 2017
  • Ingår i: European Journal of Oncology Nursing. - Elsevier. - 1462-3889. ; 31, s. 6-11
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Purpose The recruitment of participants to randomized controlled trials (RCTs) in palliative cancer care by health care professionals is often unsuccessful, which could result in failure to achieve study power. The purpose of this paper is to describe how health care professionals experienced recruiting patients and family caregivers to an RCT in palliative cancer care. Methods The study had a qualitative explorative design. Ten palliative home care settings were involved in the RCT and data were generated through focus group discussions and interviews with health care professionals who were responsible for the recruitment. The transcripts were analyzed with interpretive descriptive principles. Results The experiences of the health care professionals reveal that communicating the RCT-design to patients and family caregivers was a challenging part of the recruitment but was considered a process of learning over time. The delicate situation that participants were living under added to the challenge and health care professionals believed that the randomized design was contrary to their normal approach to always offer the best possible support. Conclusions The results contribute valuable knowledge for future trials in palliative cancer care. To promote successful recruitment, health care professionals may be in need of more training to improve their communication skills and it may be necessary to consider other research designs than the RCT.
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9.
  • Johansson, Margareta, et al. (författare)
  • Childbirth : an emotionally demanding experience for fathers
  • 2012
  • Ingår i: Sexual & reproductive healthcare : official journal of the Swedish Association of Midwives. - 1877-5764. ; 3:1, s. 11-20
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • BACKGROUND: While attending birth mostly has a positive impact on becoming a father, it has also been described as including feelings of discomfort and is more demanding than expected.OBJECTIVE: The objective was to explore Swedish fathers' birth experiences, and factors associated with a less-positive birth experience.METHODS: Mixed methods including quantitative and qualitative data were used. Two months after birth 827 fathers answered a questionnaire and 111 (13%) of these commented on the birth experience. Data were analysed with descriptive statistics, chi-square test for independence, risk ratios with a 95% confidence interval, logistic regression and content analysis.RESULTS: In total, 604 (74%) of the fathers had a positive or very positive birth experience. Used method identified a less-positive birth experience associated with emergency caesarean section (RR 7.5; 4.1-13.6), instrumental vaginal birth (RR 4.2; 2.3-8.0), and dissatisfaction with the partner's medical care (RR 4.6; 2.7-7.8). Healthcare professionals' competence and approach to the fathers were also related to the birth experience.CONCLUSIONS: As the fathers' birth experiences were associated with mode of birth and experiences of the intrapartum medical care fathers should be respectfully and empathically treated during labour and birth. It is essential to better engage fathers during the intrapartum period through involvement and support to improve the likelihood of a positive birth experience.
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10.
  • Johansson, Margareta, et al. (författare)
  • Improvements of postnatal care are required by Swedish fathers
  • 2013
  • Ingår i: International Journal of Health Care Quality Assurance. - 0952-6862. ; 26:5, s. 465-480
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • PURPOSE: This paper has two main aims: to explore fathers' postnatal care experiences with a specific focus on deficiencies and to investigate which service deficiencies remained important for fathers one year after childbirth.DESIGN/METHODOLOGY/APPROACH: This is a prospective longitudinal study. Two months and one year after birth, the overall satisfaction with care were sought. A care quality index was created, based on perceived reality and subjective importance of the care given. The study excluded fathers not mastering Swedish. Total eligible fathers was consequently not known therefore pregnancies served as an estimate.FINDINGS: In total, 827 fathers answered the questionnaire two months after birth and 655 returned the follow-up questionnaire after one year; 21 per cent were dissatisfied with overall postnatal-care. The most important dissatisfying factors were the way fathers were treated by staff and the women's check-up/medical care. Two months after the birth, information given about the baby's care and needs were most deficient when parents had been cared for in a hotel ward. Furthermore, information about the baby's needs and woman's check-up/medical care was most deficient when fathers had participated in emergency Caesarean section.PRACTICAL IMPLICATIONS: Most fathers were satisfied with the overall postnatal care, but how fathers are treated by caregivers; the woman's check-up/medical care and information given about the baby's care and needs can be improved. Professionals should view early parenthood as a joint project and support both parents' needs.ORIGINALITY/VALUE: The paper provides knowledge about postnatal service quality including fathers' needs.
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