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Sökning: LAR1:lu > Gymnastik- och idrottshögskolan

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  • Blom, Victoria, et al. (författare)
  • Physiological and behavioral reactivity when one's self-worth is staked on competence
  • 2011
  • Ingår i: Individual Differences Research. - 1541-745X. ; 9, s. 138-152
  • Tidskriftsartikel (övrigt vetenskapligt)abstract
    • Contingent self-esteem, where one‟s self-value is staked on success and competence, is a particularly vulnerable disposition with impact on well-being. This study compared physiological and behavioral reactivity between individuals self-rated as high and low in competence based self-esteem (N = 61), in a performance situation. To assess reactivity we used a traditional overt measure of blood pressure and a novel, covert, measure of response force. The results show that high scorers in competence based self-esteem exhibited an overall pattern of stronger reactivity as indicated by higher blood pressure and response force as compared to low scorers.
  • Efverström, Anna, et al. (författare)
  • Anti-doping and legitimacy an international survey of elite athletes’ perceptions
  • 2016
  • Ingår i: International Journal of Sport Policy. - 1940-6940. ; 8:3, s. 491-514
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Anti-doping work is a comprehensive enterprise that entails control and governance of elite athletes’ everyday lives. However, in policy-making regarding doping and anti-doping in elite sports, the athletes’ perspective has not been considered adequately. Focusing on elite athletes’ perceptions of anti-doping as both principle and praxis, the study aimed to analyse how these perceptions can be understood from a legitimacy perspective. A survey study involving 261 elite athletes from 51 different countries and four international sports federations was conducted. The results showed that the athletes did not question the legitimacy of the rules, but had concerns about the legitimacy of the way the rules and principles are enforced in practice, specifically with regard to matters of privacy, lack of efficiency and equal conditions as well as athletes’ involvement in the anti-doping work. The article describes how athletes’ perceptions of the legitimacy of anti-doping work constitute the basis for their willingness to follow regulations as well as a precondition for the work’s functionality and stability. In light of this finding, the article calls for the empowerment of athletes in anti-doping work.
  • Efverström, Anna, et al. (författare)
  • Contexts and conditions for a level playing field : Elite athletes’ perspectives on anti-doping in practice
  • 2016
  • Ingår i: Performance Enhancement & Health. - 2211-2669. ; 5:2, s. 77-85
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The implementation of global anti-doping regulations was intended to provide a level playing field for all athletes entering sports competitions. However, studies have shown that the worldwide harmonization of rules has not been entirely efficacious. For instance, great variation has been found in how anti-doping organizations implement anti-doping regulations, and it has also been shown that athletes distrust the equivalence of the worldwide rules as regards their effects. The purpose of the present article is to examine how elite athletes from different contexts experience anti-doping procedures and to analyse the legitimacy of anti-doping practice. In order to capture a variety of voices and perspectives, 13 elite athletes from five different continents and three international sports federations were interviewed. The analysis shows that when global anti-doping policy is implemented in different contexts and under different conditions, inequities and structural injustices emerge concerning infrastructure, knowledge and support at the individual athlete level. These consequences may have implications for the legitimacy of anti-doping work, because the existence of procedural justice may be called into question. We therefore suggest that anti-doping policy-making should be based on taking into account these different conditions and being aware of the perspectives that underpin regulations intended to be applied global.
  • Frobell, Richard, et al. (författare)
  • Welcome to the Swedish theme issue: putting exercise into sports medicine
  • 2013
  • Ingår i: British Journal of Sports Medicine. - BMJ Publishing Group. - 1473-0480. ; 47:15, s. 935-936
  • Tidskriftsartikel (övrigt vetenskapligt)abstract
    • This theme issue celebrates the collaboration between BJSM and the Swedish Society of Exercise and Sports Medicine (SFAIM). From this issue onwards, SFAIM members will gain full access to BJSM through a link on our website (http://www.svenskidrottsmedicin.se); SFAIM will also reach out to a wide audience using the BJSM blog and podcasts. As the chairman of SFAIM, I am proud to be guest editing this issue, together with Richard Frobell, where we present some of the ongoing work of Swedish Exercise and Sports Medicine.
  • Kaldo, Viktor, et al. (författare)
  • Effects of internet-based cognitive behavioural therapy and physical exercise on sick leave and employment in primary care patients with depression : : two subgroup analyses
  • 2018
  • Ingår i: Occupational and environmental medicine. - BMJ Publishing Group. - 1470-7926. ; 75:1, s. 52-58
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • OBJECTIVES: Depression can negatively impact work capacity, but treatment effects on sick leave and employment are unclear. This study evaluates if internet-based cognitive behavioural therapy (ICBT) or physical exercise (PE), with already reported positive effects on clinical outcome and short-term work ability, has better effects on employment, sick leave and long-term work ability compared with treatment as usual (TAU) for depressed primary care patients (German clinical trials: DRKS00008745).METHODS: After randomisation and exclusion of patients not relevant for work-related analysis, patients were divided into two subgroups: initially unemployed (total n=118) evaluated on employment, and employed (total n=703) evaluated on long-term sick leave. Secondary outcomes were self-rated work ability and average number of sick days per month evaluated for both subgroups. Assessments (self-reports) were made at baseline and follow-up at 3 and 12 months.RESULTS: For the initially unemployed subgroup, 52.6% were employed after 1 year (response rate 82%). Both PE (risk ratio (RR)=0.44; 95% CI 0.23 to 0.87) and ICBT (RR=0.37; 95% CI 0.16 to 0.84) showed lower rates compared with TAU after 3 months, but no difference was found after 1 year (PE: RR=0.97; 95% CI 0.69 to 1.57; ICBT: RR=1.23; 95% CI 0.72 to 2.13). For those with initial employment, long-term sick leave (response rate 75%) decreased from 7.8% to 6.5%, but neither PE (RR=1.4; 95% CI 0.52 to 3.74) nor ICBT (RR=0.99; 95% CI 0.39 to 2.46) decreased more than TAU, although a temporary positive effect for PE was found. All groups increased self-rated work ability with no differences found.CONCLUSIONS: No long-term effects were found for the initially unemployed on employment status or for the initially employed on sick leave. New types of interventions need to be explored.
  • Khalaf, Atika, et al. (författare)
  • Female university students’ physical activity levels and associated factors a cross-sectional study in southwestern Saudi Arabia
  • 2013
  • Ingår i: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. - 1661-7827. ; 10:8, s. 3502-3517
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Background: The high prevalence of physical inactivity in Saudi Arabia is a growing challenge to public health. This study aimed to examine the prevalence of physical activity (PA) and associated factors among female university students. Methods: This cross-sectional study involved 663 randomly selected female university students who completed the Arab Teens Life Style questionnaire. Data included measurements of anthropometric, socioeconomic and environmental factors, as well as self-reported PA. Ordinal regression was used to identify associated factors with low, moderate and high PA levels. Results: The mean age of participants was 20.4 years (SD 1.5). Mean BMI of the students in relation to PA were 23.0, 22.9, 22.1 for high, moderate and low levels of activity, respectively. The analysis revealed significantly higher PA levels among married students, those with high educated mothers, and those who lived far from parks, and lower activity levels among underweight students. Conclusions: This study raises four important determinants for female university students’ PA levels. These factors could be of great importance in the endeavor to prevent the health-threatening increase in physical inactivity patterns and thus non-communicable diseases and obesity where the focus should be on the specific situation and needs of women in Saudi Arabia.
  • Khalaf, Atika, et al. (författare)
  • Perceived and ideal body image in young women in South Western Saudi Arabia
  • 2015
  • Ingår i: Journal of Obesity. ; 2015, s. 1-7
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Objectives. The aim of this study was to investigate perceived and ideal body image (BI) and associated factors among female university students in Saudi Arabia. Methods. This cross-sectional study included 663 university female students. Anthropometric measurements including weight, height, BMI, and BI perception (the 9-figure silhouette) were obtained. Descriptive and logistic regression analysis were conducted. Results. An agreement between actual, perceived, and ideal BI was found in 23% of the participants. Behavioral (activity levels), social (presence of obese parents and fathers’ level of education), and economic factors (households’ monthly income, number of cars in the household, and kind of residence) were positively and significantly associated with the desire to be thinner. Similarly, socioeconomic associations (number of sisters and number of cars in the household) correlated positively and significantly with the desire to be heavier. Conclusions. The whole family should rather be considered in interventions related to appearance concerns and BI discrepancies. Furthermore, campaigns targeting improvement of adolescents’ physical self-image should be a major priority of the public health sector.
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