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Sökning: LAR1:lu > Högskolan Dalarna

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  • Albinsson, John, et al. (författare)
  • Improved Tracking Performance of Lagrangian Block-Matching Methodologies Using Block Expansion in the Time Domain: In Silico, Phantom and in Vivo Evaluations.
  • 2014
  • Ingår i: Ultrasound in Medicine and Biology. - Elsevier. - 0301-5629. ; 40:10, s. 2508-2520
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The aim of this study was to evaluate tracking performance when an extra reference block is added to a basic block-matching method, where the two reference blocks originate from two consecutive ultrasound frames. The use of an extra reference block was evaluated for two putative benefits: (i) an increase in tracking performance while maintaining the size of the reference blocks, evaluated using in silico and phantom cine loops; (ii) a reduction in the size of the reference blocks while maintaining the tracking performance, evaluated using in vivo cine loops of the common carotid artery where the longitudinal movement of the wall was estimated. The results indicated that tracking accuracy improved (mean = 48%, p < 0.005 [in silico]; mean = 43%, p < 0.01 [phantom]), and there was a reduction in size of the reference blocks while maintaining tracking performance (mean = 19%, p < 0.01 [in vivo]). This novel method will facilitate further exploration of the longitudinal movement of the arterial wall.
  • Alkvist, Lars-Erik (författare)
  • Max Weber och kroppens sociologi
  • 2004
  • Doktorsavhandling (övrigt vetenskapligt)abstract
    • Popular Abstract in Swedish Kroppen som socialt fenomen har inte varite ett dcentralt tema inom sociologin. Detta försöker Lars-Erik Alkvist komma till rätta med, på grundval av en omläsning av Max Webers sociologi utifrån temat kroppens sociologi. Författaren menar att det hos Weber finns en dold med dock närvarande förståelse av kroppens sociala sammanhang. Men Webers förståelse av kroppen sitter fast i ett dualistiskt och naturalistiskt tänkande. Kroppen betraktas som ett objekt som kontrolleras och formas av medvetandet och de strukturella sammanhangen.
  • Allwood, Carl Martin (författare)
  • Barns minnesprestationer i rättsprocessen
  • 2005
  • Ingår i: Sociologisk Forskning. - Sveriges Sociologförbund. - 2002-066X. ; :4, s. 21-27
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Two important contexts for children in forensic processes are their performance in interviews and their identification performance in lineups. Another important question concerns the validity (or realism) in children’s confidence in the extent to which they correctly remember an event or a person. This paper reviews the current state of research on strengths and weaknesses in children’s testimony in the above described contexts.
  • Andersson, Anton, et al. (författare)
  • "In Sweden we shake hands" - but are we really?
  • 2017
  • Ingår i: Sociologisk Forskning. - Sveriges Sociologförbund. - 0038-0342. ; 54:4, s. 377-381
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Motivated by a recent controversy over handshaking, a survey of the personal networks of young Swedes (n=2244) is used to describe greeting practices across social class, gender, immigrant background, and geographic location. While greeting practices in the sample are fairly uniform, there are also important differences. Handshaking is predominantly used by respondents with an immigrant background, men and women distinguish between greetings depending on the gender of the person they are greeting, and greeting practices differ between northern and southern Sweden as well as between rural and urban areas.
  • Andersson Cederholm, Erika, et al. (författare)
  • Att leva och sälja sin dröm - livsstilsföretagaren mellan familjeliv, marknad och politisk retorik
  • 2014
  • Ingår i: Sociologisk Forskning. - Sveriges Sociologförbund. - 2002-066X. ; 51:2, s. 137-156
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The article focuses on lifestyle entrepreneurship, characterised by a balancing work between personal lifestyle motives and economic motives. It builds on a qualitative study of business owners who have realized a life dream of starting a countryside business in the tourism and hospitality industry in Sweden. Through the notion of "balancing work", the analysis focuses on the tension between a personal life sphere and a market. In particular, the analysis highlights how the notion of "the life dream" emerges as a narrative practice of self-realization, simultaneously as it is offered as an experience product. The analysis demonstrates how the entrepreneurs balance between personal stories of togetherness and marketing practices, between images of right and wrong commodification, and between constraining working conditions and a popular image of the successful entrepreneur, reinforced by a political discourse on rural entrepreneurship. It is concluded that balancing work between personal identities and economic practices is a practice of valuation, offering new insights into working conditions and markets situated in the intersection between markets and personal life spheres.
  • Andersson, Janicke (författare)
  • Pensionärsjävlar-revolt mot eller upprepande av negativa ålderskoder?
  • 2013
  • Ingår i: Sociologisk Forskning. - Sveriges Sociologförbund. - 2002-066X. ; :3-4, s. 247-266
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Old bastard – rebellion against or a repetition of negative age codes?In contemporary media and scientific contexts, it has become increasingly popular to launch today’s elderly as different from previous generations of older people, especially emphasized is that today’s elderly will have more attitude and set higher demands on society. The TV-series Pensionärsjävlar is based on this idea of today’s and tomorrow’s elderly as different and more rebellious than previous generations. The purpose of this article is to analyze and discuss how age and age codes are used as a prerequisite for, but also are challenged in the series. The result shows that chronological age is almost absent in the series, instead age coding is performed by physical attributes and verbal acts. Most common attributes are those connected to decreased functionality, such as walker, wheelchair, walking stick etcetera. The most common taboo joked about is sexuality, and other common themes are decreased functionality,child/youth- like behavior and traffic. In the article I discuss how these themes and attributes are negotiated in relation to age.  
  • Arking, Dan E, et al. (författare)
  • Genetic association study of QT interval highlights role for calcium signaling pathways in myocardial repolarization
  • 2014
  • Ingår i: Nature Genetics. - Nature Publishing Group. - 1061-4036 .- 1546-1718. ; 46:8, s. 826-836
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The QT interval, an electrocardiographic measure reflecting myocardial repolarization, is a heritable trait. QT prolongation is a risk factor for ventricular arrhythmias and sudden cardiac death (SCD) and could indicate the presence of the potentially lethal mendelian long-QT syndrome (LQTS). Using a genome-wide association and replication study in up to 100,000 individuals, we identified 35 common variant loci associated with QT interval that collectively explain ∼8-10% of QT-interval variation and highlight the importance of calcium regulation in myocardial repolarization. Rare variant analysis of 6 new QT interval-associated loci in 298 unrelated probands with LQTS identified coding variants not found in controls but of uncertain causality and therefore requiring validation. Several newly identified loci encode proteins that physically interact with other recognized repolarization proteins. Our integration of common variant association, expression and orthogonal protein-protein interaction screens provides new insights into cardiac electrophysiology and identifies new candidate genes for ventricular arrhythmias, LQTS and SCD.
  • Bartholdsson, Åsa, 1963-, et al. (författare)
  • Cultivating the socially competent body : bodies and risk in Swedish programmes for social and emotional learning in preschools and schools
  • 2014
  • Ingår i: Critical Studies in Education. - Taylor & Francis Group. - 1750-8495. ; 55:2, s. 201-212
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Social emotional learning (SEL) is common in preschools and schools both in Europe and North America today. Programmes for socio-emotional training and the rise of what is labelled therapeutic education have dramatically increased during the first decade of the millennium. In this article, a manual-based programme used for SEL in a Swedish school context is analysed from perspectives rooted in childhood sociology and post-structural studies. The aim of this study is to analyse the discursive constructions of a context of risk and the instilment of specific corporeal regimes. The main issue concerns the meaning and use of the body in the discursive construction of the social competent child within this context of risk. The analysis shows that the socially competent child is shaped and cultivated through self-regulating techniques aiming at creating a docile body, a body that will be a good citizen, a pliant member of the social order. Social emotional learning (SEL) is common in preschools and schools both in Europe and North America today. Programmes for socio-emotional learning and what is labelled therapeutic education (Ecclestone &amp; Hayes, 2007; Furedi, 2009) have dramatically increased during the first decade of the millennium. In Sweden, schools often justify their use of these programmes as a way of organizing their value-based education (von Br mssen, 2011), that is, as a way of realizing the democratic ambitions expressed in educational policy documents, such as the national curriculum.
  • Basic, Goran (författare)
  • Definitioner av våld i överlevandes berättelser efter kriget i Bosnien
  • 2015
  • Ingår i: Sociologisk forskning. - 0038-0342. ; 52:4, s. 341-361
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Tidigare forskning som berör våldet under kriget i Bosnien och Hercegovina presenterar en ensidig bild av fenomenet ”krigsvåld.” Forskare har uppmärksammat betydelsen av efterkrigsberättelser, men de har inte uppmärksammat berättelser om krigsvåld, eller analyserat berättelserna om krigsvåld som en produkt av mellanmänsklig interaktion. Denna artikel försöker fylla denna kunskapslucka genom att analysera berättelser av överlevande efter kriget i nordvästra Bosnien under 1990-talet. Syftet är att analysera hur överlevare beskriver våldet under kriget samt vilka diskursiva mönster som medverkar i konstruktionen av kategorin ”krigsvåld.” Konstruktionen av begreppet ”krigsvåld” synliggörs i det empiriska materialet när intervjupersonerna berättar om (1) en ny social ordning i samhället, (2) människolidande, (3) sexuellt våld och (4) människoslakt. Alla intervjuade definierar krigsvåldet som moraliskt förkastligt. Våldsutövningen under kriget framställs som organiserad och ritualiserad och detta skapar en bild av att våldsutövningen blev en norm i samhället, snarare än ett undantag. Berättelser om våldsamma situationer, våldsverkare och våldsdrabbade existerar inte enbart som en tankekonstruktion. Berättelserna lever sitt eget liv efter kriget och har därmed verkliga konsekvenser för individer och samhället. 
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