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Sökning: LAR1:lu > Chalmers tekniska högskola

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1.
  • Aaboen, Lise, 1978-, et al. (författare)
  • Exploring the roles of university spin-offs in business networks
  • 2016
  • Ingår i: Industrial Marketing Management. - Elsevier. - 0019-8501. ; 59, s. 157-166
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • This paper identifies different university spin-off (USO) roles related to resource interaction among business parties. It does so by mapping how USOs become part of business networks in terms of their roles relative to other parties. The theoretical frame of reference focuses on roles and resource interaction based on an industrial network approach to business markets. The empirical research is based on five cases of USOs representing a variety in terms of technology, degree of newness, sector, and area of application. As a result of the analysis, three different roles are identified: the USO as resource mediator, resource re-combiner and resource renewer. These roles reflect how USOs adapt resources to, or require changes among, business parties' resources. The paper also discusses the main resource interfaces associated with the three roles and related challenges. The paper contributes to previous research through illustrating USOs' roles relative to business parties from a resource interaction point of view, and by pointing to the establishment of new companies in business networks as a way of implementing innovation. Finally, the paper discusses the managerial implications of the research in terms of the USO's need to understand which role to take and how to develop it.
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2.
  • Aarnio, Harri, et al. (författare)
  • Recombination studies in a polyfluorene copolymer for photovoltaic applications
  • 2005
  • Ingår i: Synthetic Metals. - Elsevier. - 0379-6779. ; 155:2, s. 299-302
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • We present detailed continuous wave (cw) and transient photoinduced absorption (PA) measurements in thin films of a novel alternating polyfluorene copolymer, poly[2,7-(9,9-dioctyl-fluorene)-alt-5,5-(4′,7′-di-2-thienyl-2′,1′,3-benzo-thiadiazole)] (DiO-PFDTBT), and its blends with the soluble fullerene derivative [6,6]-phenyl-C61-butyric acid methyl ester (PCBM) in weight ratios of 1:0, 4:1 and 1:4. We measure the frequency, intensity and temperature dependence of the PA signal in the frequency domain, and compare with the results obtained from the transient PA decay measurements in the time domain. In all blends, the PA spectrum shows a broad high energy PA band ranging from 1 eV to 2 eV as well as a low energy band peaking at 0.35 eV. We attribute the low energy band to the P1 transition of polarons and part of the high energy band to the correlated P2 transition of polarons. Both frequency and time domain measurements show that the high energy band has two decay components, a faster component in the microsecond time regime and a slower component in the millisecond time regime. The slow component is strongly dispersive, whereas the fast component is practically non-dispersive.
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3.
4.
  • Abay, Simon, 1980-, et al. (författare)
  • Charge transport in InAs nanowire Josephson junctions
  • 2014
  • Ingår i: Physical Review B. Condensed Matter and Materials Physics. - 1098-0121. ; 89
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • We present an extensive experimental and theoretical study of the proximity effect in InAs nanowires connected to superconducting electrodes. We fabricate and investigate devices with suspended gate-controlled nanowires and nonsuspended nanowires, with a broad range of lengths and normal-state resistances. We analyze the main features of the current-voltage characteristics: the Josephson current, excess current, and subgap current as functions of length, temperature, magnetic field, and gate voltage, and compare them with theory. The Josephson critical current for a short-length device, L = 30 nm, exhibits a record high magnitude of 800 nA at low temperature that comes close to the theoretically expected value. The critical current in all other devices is typically reduced compared to the theoretical values. The excess current is consistent with the normal resistance data and agrees well with the theory. The subgap current shows a large number of structures; some of them are identified as subharmonic gap structures generated by multiple Andreev reflection. The other structures, detected in both suspended and nonsuspended devices, have the form of voltage steps at voltages that are independent of either the superconducting gap or length of the wire. By varying the gate voltage in suspended devices, we are able to observe a crossover from typical tunneling transport at large negative gate voltage, with suppressed subgap current and negative excess current, to pronounced proximity junction behavior at large positive gate voltage, with enhanced Josephson current and subgap conductance as well as a large positive excess current.
5.
  • Abay, Simon, 1980-, et al. (författare)
  • High Critical-Current Superconductor-InAs Nanowire-Superconductor Junctions
  • 2012
  • Ingår i: Nano Letters. - The American Chemical Society. - 1530-6992. ; 12:11, s. 5622-5625
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • We report on the fabrication of InAs nanowires coupled to superconducting leads with high critical current and widely tunable conductance. We implemented a double lift off nanofabrication Method to get very short nanowire devices with Ohmic contacts. We observe very high critical. currents of up to 800 nA in a wire with a diameter of 80 nm. The current- voltage characteristics of longer and suspended nanowires display,either. Coulomb blockade or supercurrent depending on a local gate voltage, combining different regimes of transport in a single device.
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6.
  • Abay, Simon, 1980-, et al. (författare)
  • Quantized Conductance and Its Correlation to the Supercurrent in a Nanowire Connected to Superconductors
  • 2013
  • Ingår i: Nano Letters. - 1530-6984. ; 13:8, s. 3614-3617
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • We report conductance and supercurrent of InAs nano wires coupled to Al-superconducting electrodes with short channel lengths and good Ohmic contacts. The nanowires are suspended 15 nm above a local gate electrode. The charge density in the nanowires can be controlled by a small change in the gate voltage. For large negative gate voltages, the number of conducting channels is reduced gradually, and we observe a stepwise decrease of both conductance and critical current before the conductance vanishes completely.
7.
  • Abou-Taouk, Abdallah, 1982-, et al. (författare)
  • A Four-Step Global Reaction Mechanism for CFD Simulations of Flexi-Fuel Burner for Gas Turbines
  • 2011
  • Ingår i: Turbulence, Heat and Mass Transfer 7. - ICHMT. - 9781567003017 ; s. 785-788
  • Konferensbidrag (refereegranskat)abstract
    • A reduced four-step scheme for Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) analysis is presented here in the context of industrial type laboratory combustor. The present scheme has been optimized for a syngas mixture consisting of 10% CH4, 22.5% CO and 67.5% H2 by volume, and for a methane-air mixture. The optimization of the global scheme is done by comparing with the detailed San Diego mechanism using perfectly stirred reactor (PSR) and laminar flame speed calculations. The four-step global scheme has been applied to the CFD analysis of a swirl-stabilized flexi-fuel burner. Both reacting and non-reacting cases has been computed, using a hybrid Unsteady RANS/Large Eddy Simulation (URANS/LES) technique. Comparisons between CFD results and experimental data in the form of Particle Image Velocimetry (PIV) data, Planar Laser Induced Fluorescence (pLIF) and Proper Orthogonal Decomposition (POD) analysis from an atmospheric burner test rig at Lund University are presented. The CFD results scheme show good agreement with the experimental data.
8.
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9.
  • Abrahmsen-Alami, S., et al. (författare)
  • New release cell for NMR microimaging of tablets Swelling and erosion of poly(ethylene oxide)
  • 2007
  • Ingår i: International Journal of Pharmaceutics. - 0378-5173. ; 342:1-2, s. 105-114
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • A small release cell, in the form of a rotating disc, has been constructed to fit into the MRI equipment. The present work show that both qualitative and quantitative information of the swelling and erosion behavior of hydrophilic extended release (ER) matrix tablets may be obtained using this release cell and non-invasive magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) studies at different time-points during matrix dissolution. The tablet size, core size and the gel layer thickness of ER matrix formulations based on poly(ethylene oxide) have been determined. The dimensional changes as a function of time were found to correspond well to observations made with texture analysis (TA) methodology. Most importantly, the results of the present study show that both the erosion (displacement of the gel-dissolution media interface) and the swelling (decrease of dry tablet core size) proceed with a faster rate in radial than in axial direction using the rotating disk set-up. This behavior was attributed to the higher shear forces experienced in the radial direction. The results also indicate that front synchronization (constant gel layer thickness) is associated with the formation of an almost constant polymer concentration profile through the gel layer at different time-points. (c) 2007 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
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10.
  • Adalbjornsson, S. I., et al. (författare)
  • Estimating Periodicities in Symbolic Sequences Using Sparse Modeling
  • 2015
  • Ingår i: IEEE Transactions on Signal Processing. - IEEE--Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc.. - 1053-587X. ; 63:8, s. 2142-2150
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • In this paper, we propose a method for estimating statistical periodicities in symbolic sequences. Different from other common approaches used for the estimation of periodicities of sequences of arbitrary, finite, symbol sets, that often map the symbolic sequence to a numerical representation, we here exploit a likelihood-based formulation in a sparse modeling framework to represent the periodic behavior of the sequence. The resulting criterion includes a restriction on the cardinality of the solution; two approximate solutions are suggested—one greedy and one using an iterative convex relaxation strategy to ease the cardinality restriction. The performance of the proposed methods are illustrated using both simulated and real DNA data, showing a notable performance gain as compared to other common estimators.
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