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1.
  • Arias-Schreiber, Milena, et al. (författare)
  • Addressing social sustainability for small-scale fisheries in Sweden: Institutional barriers for implementing the small-scale fisheries guidelines.
  • 2017
  • Ingår i: The Small-Scale Fisheries Guidelines. Global Implementation.. - Springer Verlag. ; s. 717-736
  • Bokkapitel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Swedish coastal fisheries are not sustainable in terms of the status of their main fish stocks, their economic profitability, and as source of regular employment. Social sustainability commitments in fisheries governance advocated by the SSF Guidelines have been so far mostly neglected. In this chapter, we bring attention to two institutional settings at different governance levels relevant for the implementation of the SSF Guidelines in the Swedish context. First, we look at the introduction of social goals under the perspective of the EU’s Common Fisheries Policy (CFP). Second, we consider national tensions between forces advocating or opposing a further application of market-based economic instruments, often portrayed as an effective cure for all ills, in fisheries governance. Taking into account the logic on which the SSF Guidelines rest, we evaluate in both cases current processes for stakeholder participation in the formulation of fishing policies and strategies in Sweden. We conclude that the inclusion of a social dimension and stakeholder involvement at the EU level face procedural and institutional limitations that prevent the SSF sector from exploiting opportunities for change. Further challenges to the implementation of the SSF Guidelines arise when central national authorities’ interpretation of societal benefits opposes other interpretations, and consequently economic calculations take precedence over a participatory process-based, knowledge-accumulating approach to resource management. The SSF Guidelines, therefore, provide important material and intellectual resources to make the most of new chances that can lead to an increased likelihood of change in the direction of sustainable coastal fisheries in Sweden.
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2.
  • Ett konkurrenskraftigt EU till rätt pris
  • 2013
  • Samlingsverk (redaktörskap) (övrigt vetenskapligt)abstract
    • Som ett led i att uppnå en uthållig lösning på den ekonomiska krisen står nu EU inför utmaningen att stärka sin konkurrenskraft på den globala arenan. Samtidigt har medlemsländerna ambitionen att bygga ut EU-samarbetets sociala dimension och förbättra den sociala och politiska sammanhållningen. I denna bok diskuterar tretton ­ledande svenska forskare inom ekonomi, juridik och statsvetenskap den balansakt som dessa två samtidiga mål kan innebära och utvärderar alternativa vägar framåt.Hur kan EU öka sin konkurrenskraft och ­­samtidigt minska de sociala klyftor och svårlösta politiska motsättningar som krisen har genererat? Tål EU-samarbetet att medlemsländerna konkurrerar med varandra istället för att stå samlade på den globala arenan? Och hur påverkas EU:s konkurrenskraft av den alltmer flexibla form som den europeiska integrationen tagit under eurokrisen, där flera medlemsstater står utanför centrala samarbetsområden, inklusive europakten?
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4.
  • Sofos, Spyros, et al. (författare)
  • The Greek Anti-Racism Bill and Turkey
  • 2015
  • Ingår i: CritCom: A Forum for Research and Commentary on Europe. - 2327-2791.
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)
5.
  • Agerström, Jens, et al. (författare)
  • The influence of temporal distance on justice and care morality.
  • 2010
  • Ingår i: Scandinavian Journal of Psychology. - Wiley-Blackwell. - 1467-9450. ; 51, s. 46-55
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The primary goal of this study was to examine whether changes in the temporal distance of a moral dilemma affect how it is perceived and subsequently resolved. Based on Construal Level Theory (Trope & Liberman, 2003), it was predicted that the relative weight of abstract justice features should increase and the relative weight of concrete care features should decrease with temporal distance. The results showed that females became increasingly justice-oriented with greater temporal distance. However, this was not the case for males who were unaffected by temporal distance. This interaction was conceptually replicated in a follow-up experiment in which abstraction was manipulated directly by a mindset manipulation. The present results suggest that temporal distance is a contextual factor that can alter the extent to which moral judgments and reasoning are based on justice and care, although this effect seems to be moderated by gender.
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8.
  • Westerberg, Lars-Ove, et al. (författare)
  • The development of the ancient irrigation system at Engaruka, northern Tanzania : Physical and societal factors
  • 2010
  • Ingår i: Geographical Journal. - 0016-7398. ; 176:4, s. 304-318
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Climate data from Empakaai Crater in northern Tanzania, covering the last 1200 years, are related to the establishment, development and decline of the ancient irrigation system at Engaruka. New dates for the system are linked to reconstructed climatic variations and historical data on long-distance and regional trade and migration patterns. A shift from a comparatively humid climate to drier conditions in the 1400s prompted the establishment of irrigated agriculture at Engaruka, and a flourishing long-distance trade increased its value as a water and food source for passing caravans. Once established, the land-use system at Engaruka was sufficiently resilient to survive and even intensify during much drier climate from c. 1500 to 1670 CE (Common Era) and during the decline of caravan trade between c. 1550 and 1750. The ancient land-use system probably reached its maximum extension during the humid conditions between 1670 and 1740, and was deserted in the early to mid 1800s, presumably as a result of the added effects of climate deterioration, the Maasai expansion, and change of livelihood strategies as agriculturalists became pastoralists. Towards the end of the 1800s irrigated agriculture was again established at Engaruka, in part driven by the transfer from pastoral to agricultural livelihoods caused by the Rinderpest.
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10.
  • Lundberg, Anna, et al. (författare)
  • Reflections on the right to health
  • 2015
  • Ingår i: Social Transformations in Scandinavian Cities. - Nordic Academic Press. - 9789187675737 ; s. 251-264
  • Bokkapitel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • All human beings have a right to health, but what that means is vague. According to the World Health Organization, ‘health is a state of complete physical, mental and social wellbeing and not merely the absence of disease or infirmity’ (WHO 1946). The former UN Special Rapporteur on the right to health, Paul Hunt, defines it as access to an effective and integrated health system. Also included in the definition are underlying determinants of health that might influence a person’s ability to live a healthy life (Hunt 2006).The right to health is of central importance, of course, and we define it as having access to healthcare as well as aspects of everyday life of importance for a healthy life.1 The latter means such things as friendship, support networks, and access to educational institutions. These were identified as central to our research because they are determinants of health, in the sense that the young people participating in our study referred to them as important. Furthermore,previous research shows that these are important aspects of coping and struggling in everyday life for children who are in a marginalized position (Andersson et al. 2010). Regarding healthcare, this is also an area that has recently been subject to a progressive political or legal development in Sweden and its third largest city, Malmö....
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