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Sökning: L773:0969 6989 > Högskolan Dalarna

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  • Carling, Kenneth, et al. (författare)
  • Out-of-town shopping and its induced CO2-emissions
  • 2013
  • Ingår i: Journal of Retailing and Consumer Services. - Elsevier. - 0969-6989. ; 20:4, s. 382-388
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Planning policies in several European countries have aimed at hindering the expansion of out-of-town shopping centers. One argument for this is concern for the increase in transport and a resulting increase in environmental externalities such as CO2-emissions. This concern is weakly founded in science as few studies have attempted to measure CO2-emissions of shopping trips as a function of the location of the shopping centers. In this paper we conduct a counter-factual analysis comparing downtown, edge-of-town and out-of-town shopping. In this comparison we use GPS to track 250 consumers over a time-span of two months in a Swedish region. The GPS-data enters the Oguchi’s formula to obtain shopping trip-specific CO2-emissions. We find that consumers’ out-of-town shopping would generate an excess of 60 per cent CO2-emissions whereas downtown and edge-of-town shopping centers are comparable.
  • Daunfeldt, S. -O, et al. (författare)
  • Does Gibrat's law hold for retailing? : Evidence from Sweden
  • 2012
  • Ingår i: Journal of Retailing and Consumer Services. - 0969-6989. ; 19:5, s. 464-469
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Gibrat's Law predicts that firm growth is a purely random effect and therefore should be independent of firm size. The purpose of this paper is to test Gibrat's law within the retail industry, using a novel data-set comprising all surviving Swedish limited liability companies active at some point between 1998 and 2004. Very few studies have previously investigated whether Gibrat's Law seems to hold for retailing, and they are based on highly aggregated data. Our results indicate that Gibrat's Law can be rejected for a large majority of five-digit retail industries in Sweden, since small retail firms tend to grow faster than large ones. © 2012 Elsevier Ltd.
  • Daunfeldt, Sven-Olov, 1970-, et al. (författare)
  • Does Shelf-Labeling of Organic Foods Increase Sales? : Results from a Natural Experiment
  • 2014
  • Ingår i: Journal of Retailing and Consumer Services. - London : Elsevier. - 0969-6989. ; 21:5, s. 804-811
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Can a simple point-of-purchase (POP) shelf-label increase sales of organic foods? We use a random-effects׳, random-coefficients׳ model, including a time adjustment variable, to test data from a natural experiment in a hypermarket in Gävle, Sweden. Our model incorporates both product specific heterogeneity in the effects of labeling and consumer adjustment to the labels over time. We find that the introduction of POP displays leads to an increase in sales of organic coffee and olive oil, but a reduction in sales of organic flour. All targeted products became less price-sensitive. The results reveal that product specific differences have to be accounted for, and in some cases consumers adjusted to labeling over time.
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  • Resultat 1-3 av 3
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